I see. I believe you misunderstand American History. The Equal Rights Amendment was NOT what became the 19th Amendment. Wow, really? Thanks for clearing that up! All the debates surrounding the ERA assumed a Constitution that ALREADY HAD the 19th Amendment. I realize that. However, the existence of the 19th Amendment shows that the 14th Amendment didn't give women all the same rights and privileges as men. So, unless you think that voting was the only right or privilege not extended to women by the 14th Amendment, or you think that the 19th Amendment somehow means that not just voting, but all other rights and privileges not extended by the 14th Amendment, now extend to women, I don't see how you can say the Constitution already gives women all the rights the ERA would have given them.