Recent research conducted by MIT: The MIT Survey on Science, Religion and Origins: the Belief Gap Eugena Lee and Max Tegmark Dept. of Physics & MIT Kavli Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,Cambridge, MA 02139 Meia Chita-Tegmark Dept. of Psychology, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (February 11, 2013) We present a detailed survey of how different US faith communities view origins science,particularly evolution and Big Bang cosmology. We find a striking gap between people’s personal beliefs and the official views of the faiths to which they belong. Whereas Gallup reports that 46% of Americans believe that God created humans in their present form less than 10,000 years ago, we find that only 11% belong to religions openly rejecting evolution. This shows that the main divide in the origins debate is not between science and religion, but between a small fundamentalist minority and mainstream religious communities who embrace science. The fact that the gap between personal and official beliefs is so large suggests that part of the controversy might be defused by people learning more about their own religious doctrine and the science it endorses, thereby bridging this belief gap. ... IV. Conclusions We have presented a detailed survey of how different US faith communities view origins science, particularly evolution and Big Bang cosmology. We found a striking gap between people’s personal beliefs and the official views of the faiths to which they belong. Whereas Gallup reports that 46% of Americans believe that God created humans in their present form less than 10,000 years ago, we find that only 11% belong to religions openly rejecting evolution. Why is this “belief gap” so large? Interestingly, this is not the only belief gap surrounding a science-religion controversy: whereas Gallup reports that 18% of Americans believe that the Sun revolves around Earth , 0% belong to religions supporting this view. The fact that the geocentric belief gap remains large even though the controversy was settled hundreds of years ago suggests that it has more to do with education than with intellectual disputes, and the same may be true for the origins science belief gap as well. A significant part of the controversy might therefore be defused by people learning more about their own religious doctrine and the science that it endorses, thereby bridging the belief gap. In this survey, we have examined the views of religious groups on science, and found that a large majority see no conflict between science and religion. This conciliatory view is shared by most leading science organizations. For example, the American Association for the Advancement of Science states that science and religion “live together quite comfortably,including in the minds of many scientists”  and continue: “Science and religion ask different questions about the world. Many individual scientists are deeply religious. They see scientific investigation and religious faith as complementary components of a well-rounded life.” The vocal intelligent-design critic Lawrence Krauss had this to say : “State school board science standards would do better to include a statement like this: While well-tested theories like evolution and the Big Bang have provided remarkable new insights and predictions about nature, questions of purpose that may underlie these discoveries are outside the scope of science, and scientists themselves have many different views in this regard.” Albert Einstein agreed that there is no conflict between science and religion unless they overstep their boundaries, with science trying to dictate laws of ethics or religion trying to dictate laws of nature , and argued that they can complement each other: “Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.” In summary, mainstream religion and mainstream science are neither attacking one another nor perceiving a conflict. As Scott Hoezee puts it on the website of the Reformed Church in America : “Most scientist and most believers do not fit the wilt-eyed fanatical stereotypes that create such great television drama when placed side-by-side on one of Sean Hannity’s split screen debates.” This means that the main divide in the origins debate is not between science and religion, but between a small fundamentalist minority and mainstream religious communities who embrace science. The entire study can be found here: http://space.mit.edu/home/tegmark/survey.html Also, here is a short anecdote: I think all this confirms my own experiences, and what I've thought for a while... that the main cause of the "religion versus science" narrative is inadequate education of religion. That certainly isn't the case for everyone, as the study shows, but the religions that are definitely at odds with science over issues like the Big Bang and Evolution are in the minority. They're vocal, but most people don't belong to these religions. The problems comes from both non-believers who assume that all religions think alike, and even more so from people who aren't educated or are misinformed about what their own religion's stances are on so-called "controversial" scientific issues. So, what do you think? Is there a conflict between Religion and Science? What evidence do you have for or against it? What are your personal beliefs? If you belong to a religion, what does it teach (do you even know for sure)?