I recognize that this is both probably how the SW system thinks of things, and how the cultures most of us on here live in operate, but I am not sure it is accurate to how things really are. Firstly, 'evil' is a label, dependent on cultural and individual construction. In SW, perhaps there is such a thing as absolute, universal evil. In real life, I just don't think the universe cares that much what a bunch of creatures on a planet orbiting some obscure star in some obscure galaxy in a corner of space are doing. Other humans do, but not the universe (at least as far as I can tell). Also, every action is preceded by mind-activity. Some of that takes the form of thoughts accessible to consciousness, some of it doesn't. But that mind-activity is really brain-activity, which means it's material in some way. Chemicals, biological mechanisms, and electricity. As a material system, its current state is dependent on previous states. Those previous states are also traceable. Etc and so on, meaning that ultimately the mind and human action are part of a huge system that is fully dependent on chains of inputs originating outside that brain/body, plus quantum randomness. It's important that you mentioned malice, because it is here that some remnants of the typical thought process can be salvaged. If someone did something out of malice, they are malicious (obviously), but they are also ultimately a victim of bad ideas (conscious or un-). I don't think we can argue that that is their fault, because even if the 'bad ideas' appeal to them, the fact that they could appeal to this person's mind was driven by the prior states of the brain-system. Which again, can be traced back to factors outside the mind itself, be they recent environmental factors or even genetic/developmental ones. The person can be "responsible" in a certain sense, but not in the same sense that is usually meant when a totally Free Will is assumed. I guess that doesn't really conflict with what you said. Ah well. Also: how do we know a shark doesn't act with malice? Its sense of morality (if it has one at all) may or may not be similar to a human's, but we don't know. To what degree is being a shark like being a human? There is no answer at the moment, but maybe with better fMRI technology into the future we could actually figure some of that out (ridiculous as it may sound).