April 19: 65 – The freedman Milichus betrayed Piso’s plot to kill the Emperor Nero and all the conspirators were arrested. 1012 – Martyrdom of Ælfheah in Greenwich, London. 1529 – Beginning of the Protestant Reformation: The Second Diet of Speyer bans Lutheranism; a group of rulers and independent cities protests the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms. 1770 – Captain James Cook sights the eastern coast of what is now Australia. 1770 – Marie Antoinette marries Louis XVI in a proxy wedding. 1775 – American Revolutionary War: The war begins with an American victory in Concord during the battles of Lexington and Concord. 1782 – John Adams secures the Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government. The house which he had purchased in The Hague, Netherlands becomes the first American embassy. 1839 – The Treaty of London establishes Belgium as a kingdom. 1861 – American Civil War: Baltimore riot of 1861: a pro-Secession mob in Baltimore, Maryland, attacks United States Army troops marching through the city. 1903 – The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world. 1919 – Leslie Irvin of the United States makes the first successful voluntary free-fall parachute jump using a new kind of self-contained parachute. 1927 – Mae West is sentenced to 10 days in jail for obscenity for her play Sex. 1943 – World War II: In Poland, German troops enter the Warsaw ghetto to round up the remaining Jews, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. 1951 – General Douglas MacArthur retires from the military. 1956 – Actress Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier of Monaco. 1971 – Vietnam War: Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin a five-day demonstration in Washington, D.C.. 1971 – Charles Manson is sentenced to death for conspiracy to commit the Tate/LaBianca murders. 1985 – U.S.S.R performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk. 1987 – The Simpsons premieres as a short cartoon on The Tracey Ullman Show. 1993 – The 51 day siege of the Branch Davidian building outside Waco, Texas, USA, ends when a fire breaks out. Eighty-one people die. 1995 – Oklahoma City bombing: The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA, is bombed, killing 168. That same day convicted murderer Richard Wayne Snell, who had ties to one of the bombers, Timothy McVeigh, is executed in Arkansas. 2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is elected the 265th Pope of the Catholic Church following the death of Pope John Paul II. The new Pope takes on the regnal name Benedict XVI. Births: 1613 – Christoph Bach, court musician, grandfather of Johann Sebastian Bach 1793 – Ferdinand I of Austria 1903 – Eliot Ness, American lawman 1930 – Dick Sargent, American actor 1933 – Jayne Mansfield, American actress 1935 – Dudley Moore, English actor, comedian, and composer 1936 – Jack Pardee, American football player and coach 1946 – Tim Curry, British actor 1949 – Paloma Picasso, French-Spanish fashion designer and businesswoman 1956 – Randy Carlyle, Canadian ice hockey player and coach 1961 – Spike Owen, American baseball player 1968 – Ashley Judd, American actress 1968 – Mswati III, King of Swaziland 1977 – Joe Beimel, American baseball player 1978 – James Franco, American actor 1979 – Kate Hudson, American actress 1981 – Hayden Christensen, Canadian actor 1981 – Martin Havlat, Czech ice hockey player 1981 – Troy Polamalu, American football player (GO STEELERS!!!) 1983 – Zack Duke, American baseball player 1983 – Joe Mauer, American baseball player Deaths: 1054 – Pope Leo IX 1321 – Gerasimus I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople 1689 – Christina of Sweden 1733 – Elizabeth Villiers, mistress of William III of England 1881 – Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1882 – Charles Darwin, English biologist 1906 – Pierre Curie, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate 1989 – Dame Daphne du Maurier, British novelist 1993 – David Koresh, American religious leader of Branch Davidians Today is also "Bicyle Day" Huh.