JCC On this date in history...

Discussion in 'Community' started by Juliet316, Dec 26, 2012.

  1. Guinastasia Force Ghost

    Member Since:
    Jun 9, 2002
    star 6
    May 8:

    413 – Emperor Honorius signs an edict providing tax relief for the Italian provinces Tuscia, Campania, Picenum, Samnium, Apulia, Lucania and Calabria, who are plundered by the Visigoths.
    1450 – Jack Cade's Rebellion: Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI.
    1541 – Hernando de Soto reaches the Mississippi River and names it Río de Espíritu Santo.
    1794 – Branded a traitor during the Reign of Terror by revolutionists, French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, who was also a tax collector with the Ferme Générale, is tried, convicted, and guillotined all on the same day in Paris.
    1842 – A train derails and catches fire in Paris, killing between 52 and 200 people.
    1846 – Mexican–American War: The Battle of Palo Alto – Zachary Taylor defeats a Mexican force north of the Rio Grande in the first major battle of the war.
    1861 – American Civil War: Richmond, Virginia is named the capital of the Confederate States of America.
    1877 – At Gilmore's Gardens in New York City, the first Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show opens.
    1886 – Pharmacist John Pemberton first sells a carbonated beverage named "Coca-Cola" as a patent medicine.
    1902 – In Martinique, Mount Pelée erupts, destroying the town of Saint-Pierre and killing over 30,000 people. Only a handful of residents survive the blast.
    1912 – Paramount Pictures is founded.
    1919 – Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, which later results in the creation of Remembrance Day. In the United States it was called Armistice Day and is now Veterans Day.
    1927 – Attempting to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight from Paris to New York, French war heroes Charles Nungesser and François Coli disappear after taking off aboard The White Bird biplane.
    1933 – Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against the British rule in India.
    1941 – The German Luftwaffe launches a bombing raid on Nottingham and Derby.
    1942 – World War II: Gunners of the Ceylon Garrison Artillery on Horsburgh Island in the Cocos Islands rebel in the Cocos Islands Mutiny. Their mutiny is crushed and three of them are executed, the only British Commonwealth soldiers to be executed for mutiny during the Second World War.
    1945 – Hundreds of Algerian civilians are killed by French Army soldiers in the Sétif massacre.
    1945 – World War II: V-E Day, combat ends in Europe. German forces agree in Reims, France, to an unconditional surrender.
    1945 – End of the Prague uprising, celebrated now as a national holiday in the Czech Republic.
    1946 – Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial which stood in front of the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn.
    1963 – South Vietnamese soldiers of Catholic President Ngo Dinh Diem open fire on Buddhists defying a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesak, killing nine.
    1966 – A plane crash at Connellsville, Pennsylvania kills the Pennsylvania Attorney General, his wife, and other state officials.
    1980 – The eradication of smallpox is endorsed by the World Health Organization.
    1984 – The Soviet Union announces that it will boycott the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.

    Births:

    1326 – Joan I, Countess of Auvergne
    1460 – Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
    1821 – William Henry Vanderbilt, American businessman
    1828 – Henry Dunant, Swiss businessman and social activist, founder of the Red Cross, Nobel laureate
    1847 – Oscar Hammerstein I, American businessman, impresario, and composer
    1884 – Harry S. Truman, 33rd President of the United States
    1895 – Fulton J. Sheen, American bishop
    1920 – Tom of Finland, Finnish artist
    1926 – David Attenborough, English broadcaster and naturalist
    1926 – Don Rickles, American comedian
    1928 – Theodore Sorensen, American presidential advisor, lawyer, and writer
    1932 – Sonny Liston, American boxer
    1935 – Princess Elisabeth of Denmark
    1940 – Ricky Nelson, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actor
    1940 – Toni Tennille, American singer
    1944 – Gary Glitter, English singer-songwriter and musician, child molesting douchebag
    1953 – Alex Van Halen, Dutch-American drummer
    1954 – David Keith, American actor
    1957 – Bill Cowher, American football coach (HERE WE GO STEELERS!)
    1958 – Lovie Smith, American football coach
    1959 – Ronnie Lott, American football player
    1964 – Melissa Gilbert, American actress
    1972 – Ray Whitney, Canadian ice hockey player
    1975 – Enrique Iglesias, Spanish singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
    1977 – Bad News Brown, Canadian rapper, singer, harmonica player, and actor
    1982 – Christina Cole, English actress
    1982 – Adrian Gonzalez, American baseball player
    1985 – Usama Young, American football player
    1987 – Felix Jones, American football player
    1989 – Lars Eller, Danish ice hockey player
    1990 – Kemba Walker, American basketball player

    Deaths:

    535 – Pope John II
    685 – Pope Benedict II
    1192 – Ottokar IV, Duke of Styria
    1278 – Emperor Duanzong of Song
    1819 – Kamehameha I, established the Kingdom of Hawaii
    1873 – John Stuart Mill, English philosopher
    1880 – Gustave Flaubert, French novelist
    1891 – Helena Blavatsky, Russian author
    1903 – Paul Gauguin, French painter
    1967 – LaVerne Andrews, American singer (The Andrews Sisters)
    1988 – Robert A. Heinlein, American writer
    1992 – Joyce Ricketts, American baseball player (All-American Girls Professional Baseball League)
    1994 – George Peppard, American actor
    1999 – Dirk Bogarde, English actor
    1999 – Dana Plato, American actress
    2009 – Dom DiMaggio, American baseball player
    2012 – Maurice Sendak, American author and illustrator
  2. Juliet316 Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Apr 27, 2005
    star 7
    2013 - The Chicago Bulls get absolutely annhilated by the current NBA champions the Miami Heat.
    2013 - American Actress Jeanne Cooper, best known for Katherine Chancellor on The Young and the Restless passes away at age 84.
  3. jp-30 Manager Emeritus

    Member Since:
    Dec 14, 2000
    star 9
    Thank goodness for Jeanne Cooper, otherwise no Americans would have died on this date in history.
    yankee8255 likes this.
  4. Juliet316 Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Apr 27, 2005
    star 7
    ON THIS DAY

    On May 9, 1994, South Africa's newly elected Parliament chose Nelson Mandela to be the country's first black president
    Guinastasia likes this.
  5. jp-30 Manager Emeritus

    Member Since:
    Dec 14, 2000
    star 9
  6. Guinastasia Force Ghost

    Member Since:
    Jun 9, 2002
    star 6
    May 9:

    1092 – Lincoln Cathedral is consecrated.
    1450 – 'Abd al-Latif (Timurid monarch) is assassinated.
    1671 – Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal England's Crown Jewels from the Tower of London.
    1874 – The first horse-drawn bus makes its début in the city of Mumbai, traveling two routes.
    1877 – Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.
    1877 – A magnitude 8.8 earthquake off the coast of Peru kills 2,541, including some as far away as Hawaii and Japan.
    1887 – Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show opens in London.
    1901 – Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
    1926 – Admiral Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett claim to have flown over the North Pole (later discovery of Byrd's diary appears to cast some doubt on the claim.)
    1936 – Italy formally annexes Ethiopia after taking the capital Addis Ababa on May 5.
    1941 – World War II: The German submarine U-110 is captured by the Royal Navy. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later use to break coded German messages.
    1942 – Holocaust: The SS murders 588 Jewish residents of the Podolian town of Zinkiv (Khmelnytska oblast, Ukraine). The Zoludek Ghetto (in Belarus) is destroyed and all its inhabitants murdered or deported.
    1948 – Czechoslovakia's Ninth-of-May Constitution comes into effect.
    1949 – Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco.
    1950 – Robert Schuman presents his proposal on the creation of an organized Europe, which according to him was indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. This proposal, known as the "Schuman declaration", is considered by some people to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union.
    1960 – The Food and Drug Administration announces it will approve birth control as an additional indication for Searle's Enovid, making Enovid the world's first approved oral contraceptive pill.
    1961 – Jim Gentile of the Baltimore Orioles becomes the first player in baseball history to hit grand slams in consecutive innings.
    1964 – Ngo Dinh Can, de facto ruler of central Vietnam under his brother President Ngo Dinh Diem before the family's toppling, is executed.
    1970 – Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 75,000 to 100,000 war protesters demonstrate in front of the White House.
    1974 – Watergate Scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opens formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard Nixon.
    1977 – Hotel Polen fire: A disastrous fire burns down the Hotel Polen in Amsterdam causing 33 deaths and 21 severe injuries.
    1979 – Iranian Jewish businessman Habib Elghanian is executed by firing squad in Tehran, prompting the mass exodus of the once 100,000 member strong Jewish community of Iran.
    1980 – In Florida, Liberian freighter MV Summit Venture collides with the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay, making a 1,400-ft. section of the southbound span collapse. 35 people in six cars and a Greyhound bus fall 150 ft. into the water and die.
    1980 – In Norco, California, five masked gunman hold up a Security Pacific bank, leading to a violent shoot-out and one of the largest pursuits in California history. Two of the gunmen and one police officer are killed and thirty-three police and civilian vehicles are destroyed in the chase.
    2001 – In Ghana 129 football fans die in what became known as the Accra Sports Stadium disaster. The deaths are caused by a stampede (caused by the firing of teargas by police personnel at the stadium) that followed a controversial decision by the referee.
    2004 – Chechen president Akhmad Kadyrov is killed by a land mine under a VIP stage during a World War II memorial victory parade in Grozny, Chechnya.

    Births:

    1147 – Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan
    1540 – Maharana Pratap, Hindu ruler of Mewar
    1800 – John Brown, American abolitionist
    1860 – J. M. Barrie, Scottish author
    1874 – Howard Carter, English archaeologist
    1892 – Zita of Bourbon-Parma, last Empress of Austria-Hungary
    1936 – Albert Finney, English actor
    1936 – Glenda Jackson, English actress and politician
    1942 – John Ashcroft, American politician, 79th United States Attorney General
    1946 – Candice Bergen, American actress
    1949 – Billy Joel, American singer-songwriter and pianist
    1960 – Tony Gwynn, American baseball player
    1965 – Steve Yzerman, Canadian ice hockey player
    1970 – Ghostface Killah, American rapper and actor
    1978 – Aaron Harang, American baseball player
    1979 – Rosario Dawson, American actress
    1979 – Brandon Webb, American baseball player
    1984 – Prince Fielder, American baseball player
    1985 – Jake Long, American football player

    Deaths:

    1315 – Hugh V, Duke of Burgundy
    1657 – William Bradford, English leader, governor of the Plymouth Colony
    1791 – Francis Hopkinson, American delegate and author, signer of the Declaration of Independence
    1949 – Louis II, Prince of Monaco
    1968 – Harold Gray, American cartoonist, created Little Orphan Annie
    1986 – Tenzing Norgay, Nepalese sherpa mountaineer (one of the first individuals to reach the summit of Mount Everest)
    2010 – Lena Horne, American singer, actress, and dancer
    2012 – Vidal Sassoon, English hairdresser
  7. Juliet316 Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Apr 27, 2005
    star 7
    ON THIS DAY

    On May 10, 1869, a golden spike was driven at Promontory, Utah, marking the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States.
  8. Guinastasia Force Ghost

    Member Since:
    Jun 9, 2002
    star 6
    May 10: (Busy day!)

    70 – Siege of Jerusalem: Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, opens a full-scale assault on Jerusalem and attacks the city's Third Wall to the northwest.
    1291 – Scottish nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England.
    1497 – Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World.
    1503 – Christopher Columbus visits the Cayman Islands and names them Las Tortugas after the numerous turtles there.
    1768 – John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for The North Briton severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.
    1773 – The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Tea Act, designed to save the British East India Company by granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade.
    1774 – Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette become King and Queen of France.
    1775 – American Revolutionary War: A small Colonial militia led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold captures Fort Ticonderoga.
    1775 – American Revolutionary War: Representatives from the Thirteen Colonies begin the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia.
    1801 – First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America.
    1857 – Indian Mutiny: In India, the first war of Independence begins. Sepoys revolt against their commanding officers at Meerut in the first ever joint forces of the Indian sepoys."
    1863 – American Civil War: Confederate General Stonewall Jackson dies eight days after he is accidentally shot by his own troops.
    1865 – American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is captured by Union troops near Irwinville, Georgia.
    1872 – Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman nominated for President of the United States.
    1877 – Romania declares itself independent from the Ottoman Empire following the Senate adoption of Mihail Kogălniceanu's Declaration of Independence. Recognized on March 26, 1881 after the end of the Romanian War of Independence.
    1893 – The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Nix v. Hedden that a tomato is a vegetable, not a fruit, under the Tariff Act of 1883.
    1908 – Mother's Day is observed for the first time in the United States, in Grafton, West Virginia.
    1924 – J. Edgar Hoover is appointed the Director of the United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation, and remains so until his death in 1972.
    1933 – Censorship: In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings.
    1940 – World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent.
    1940 – World War II: Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.
    1940 – World War II: Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
    1954 – Bill Haley & His Comets release "Rock Around the Clock", the first rock and roll record to reach number one on the Billboard charts.
    1960 – The nuclear submarine USS Triton completes Operation Sandblast, the first underwater circumnavigation of the earth.
    1962 – Marvel Comics publishes the first issue of The Incredible Hulk.
    1969 – Vietnam War: The Battle of Dong Ap Bia begins with an assault on Hill 937. It will ultimately become known as Hamburger Hill.
    1975 – Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder in Japan.
    1981 – François Mitterrand wins the presidential election and becomes the first Socialist President of France in the French Fifth Republic.
    1993 – In Thailand, a fire at the Kader Toy Factory kills 156 workers.
    1994 – Nelson Mandela is inaugurated as South Africa's first black president.
    1997 – A 7.3 Mw earthquake strikes Iran's Khorasan Province, killing 1,567, injuring over 2,300, leaving 50,000 homeless, and damaging or destroying over 15,000 homes.
    2005 – A hand grenade thrown by Vladimir Arutinian lands about 65 feet (20 metres) from U.S. President George W. Bush while he is giving a speech to a crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but it malfunctions and does not detonate.
    2008 – An EF4 tornado strikes the Oklahoma-Kansas state line, killing 21 people and injuring over 100.

    Births:

    1265 – Emperor Fushimi of Japan
    1838 – John Wilkes Booth, American actor and assassin of Abraham Lincoln
    1866 – Léon Bakst, Russian artist
    1899 – Fred Astaire, American dancer and actor
    1902 – David O. Selznick, American film producer
    1915 – Denis Thatcher, English businessman and husband of Margaret Thatcher
    1930 – Pat Summerall, American football player and broadcaster
    1946 – Donovan, Scottish singer-songwriter, musician, producer, and actor
    1953 – Jim Zorn, American football player and coach
    1955 – Mark David Chapman, American murderer of John Lennon (boo)
    1957 – Sid Vicious, English singer and musician
    1958 – Rick Santorum, American politician, massive douchebag
    1960 – Bono, Irish singer-songwriter, musician, philanthropist, and activist
    1963 – Lisa Nowak, American astronaut
    1965 – Linda Evangelista, Canadian model
    1973 – Jerome Williams, American basketball player
    1985 – Ryan Getzlaf, Canadian ice hockey player
    1987 – Wilson Chandler, American basketball player

    Deaths:

    1290 – Rudolf II, Duke of Austria
    1424 – Emperor Go-Kameyama, of Japan
    1692 – Sarah Osborne, American woman accused of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials
    1774 – King Louis XV of France
    1818 – Paul Revere, American patriot
    1863 – Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, American Confederate general (as mentioned above)
    1945 – Richard Glücks, German SS officer
    1977 – Joan Crawford, American actress
    1994 – John Wayne Gacy, American serial killer and rapist
    1999 – Shel Silverstein, American poet and composer
  9. Juliet316 Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Apr 27, 2005
    star 7
    ON THIS DAY

    On May 11, 1973, charges against Daniel Ellsberg for his role in the Pentagon Papers case were dismissed by Judge William M. Byrne, who cited government misconduct.
  10. jp-30 Manager Emeritus

    Member Since:
    Dec 14, 2000
    star 9
  11. Guinastasia Force Ghost

    Member Since:
    Jun 9, 2002
    star 6
    May 11:

    330 – Byzantium is renamed Nova Roma during a dedication ceremony, but it is more popularly referred to as Constantinople.
    868 – A copy of the Diamond Sutra is printed in China, making it oldest known dated printed book.
    1310 – In France, fifty-four members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake as heretics.
    1502 – Christopher Columbus leaves for his fourth and final voyage to the West Indies.
    1792 – Captain Robert Gray becomes the first documented white person to sail into the Columbia River.
    1820 – HMS Beagle, the ship that will take Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage, is launched.
    1846 – President James K. Polk asked for and received a Declaration of War against Mexico, starting the Mexican-American War.
    1858 – Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. State.
    1894 – Pullman Strike: Four thousand Pullman Palace Car Company workers go on a wildcat strike in Illinois.
    1924 – Mercedes-Benz is formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies.
    1927 – The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is founded.
    1944 – World War II: The Allies begin a major offensive against the Axis Powers on the Gustav Line.
    1945 – World War II: Off the coast of Okinawa, the aircraft carrier USS Bunker Hill is hit by two kamikazes, killing 346 of its crew. Although badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under its own power.
    1949 – Siam officially changes its name to Thailand for the second time. The name had been in use since 1939 but was reverted in 1945.
    1949 – Israel joins the United Nations.
    1953 – The 1953 Waco tornado outbreak: an F5 tornado hits downtown Waco, Texas, killing 114.
    1960 – In Buenos Aires, Argentina, four Israeli Mossad agents capture fugitive Nazi Adolf Eichmann who is living under the alias of Ricardo Klement.
    1970 – The Lubbock Tornado, a F5 tornado, hits Lubbock, Texas, killing 26 and causing $250 million in damage.
    1985 – Bradford City stadium fire: Fifty-six spectators die and more than 200 are injured in a flash fire at Valley Parade football ground during a match against Lincoln City in Bradford, England.
    1987 – Klaus Barbie goes on trial in Lyon for war crimes committed during World War II.
    1987 – In Baltimore, Maryland, the first heart–lung transplant takes place. The surgery is performed by Dr. Bruce Reitz of the Stanford University School of Medicine.
    1996 – After the aircraft's departure from Miami, Florida, a fire started by improperly handled chemical oxygen generators in the cargo hold of Atlanta-bound ValuJet Flight 592 causes the Douglas DC-9 to crash in the Florida Everglades killing all 110 on board.
    1996 – The 1996 Mount Everest disaster: on a single day eight people die during summit attempts on Mount Everest.
    1997 – Deep Blue, a chess-playing supercomputer, defeats Garry Kasparov in the last game of the rematch, becoming the first computer to beat a world-champion chess player in a classic match format.
    2000 – Second Chechen War: Chechen separatists ambush Russian paramilitary forces in the Republic of Ingushetia.

    Births:

    482 – Justinian I, Byzantine Emperor
    1366 – Anne of Bohemia, queen of Richard II of England
    1571 – Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord
    1715 – Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach, German child of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach
    1720 – Baron Münchhausen, German nobleman
    1811 – Chang and Eng Bunker, Thai-American conjoined twins
    1888 – Irving Berlin, American composer
    1894 – Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer
    1903 – Charlie Gehringer, American baseball player
    1904 – Salvador Dalí, Spanish painter
    1927 – Bernard Fox, English actor
    1933 – Louis Farrakhan, American Nation of Islam leader
    1946 – Robert Jarvik, American scientist, researcher, and entrepreneur, developed the Artificial heart
    1952 – Frances Fisher, English actress
    1959 – Martha Quinn, American television and radio host
    1963 – Natasha Richardson, English-American actress
    1982 – Jonathan Jackson, American actor
    1982 – Andrew Walter, American football player
    1983 – Matt Leinart, American football player
    1988 – Brad Marchand, Canadian ice hockey player
    1989 – Cam Newton, American football player

    Deaths:

    912 – Leo VI the Wise, Byzantine Emperor
    1304 – Ghazan, Mongol ruler
    1778 – William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, English statesman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
    1960 – John D. Rockefeller, Jr., American philanthropist
    1981 – Bob Marley, Jamaican singer-songwriter and musician
    2001 – Douglas Adams, English author
    2006 – Floyd Patterson, American boxer
    2011 – Robert Traylor, American basketball player
  12. Guinastasia Force Ghost

    Member Since:
    Jun 9, 2002
    star 6
    May 12:

    254 – Pope Stephen I succeeds Pope Lucius I as the 23rd pope.
    304 – Roman Emperor Diocletian orders the beheading of the 14-year-old Pancras of Rome.
    922 – After much hardship, Abbasid envoy Ahmad ibn Fadlan arrived in the lands of Volga Bulgars.
    1191 – Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre who is crowned Queen consort of England the same day.
    1328 – Antipope Nicholas V, a claimant to the papacy, is consecrated in Rome by the Bishop of Venice.
    1743 – Maria Theresa of Austria is crowned Queen of Bohemia after defeating her rival, Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor.
    1780 – American Revolutionary War: In the largest defeat of the Continental Army, Charleston, South Carolina is taken by British forces.
    1864 – American Civil War: the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House: thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers die in "the Bloody Angle".
    1932 – Ten weeks after his abduction Charles Jr., the infant son of Charles Lindbergh is found dead in Hopewell, New Jersey, just a few miles from the Lindberghs' home.
    1935 – Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith (founders of Alcoholics Anonymous) meet for the first time in Akron, Ohio, at the home of Henrietta Siberling.
    1937 – The Duke and Duchess of York are crowned as King George VI and Queen Elizabeth of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland at a ceremony in Westminster Abbey.
    1941 – Konrad Zuse presents the Z3, the world's first working programmable, fully automatic computer, in Berlin.
    1942 – Holocaust: 1,500 Jews are sent to gas chambers in Auschwitz.
    1948 – Wilhelmina, Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands cedes throne.
    1949 – The Soviet Union lifts its blockade of Berlin.
    1949 – The western occupying powers approve the Basic Law for the new German state: the Federal Republic of Germany.
    1955 – Austria regains its independence as the Allied occupation following World War II ends.
    1965 – The Soviet spacecraft Luna 5 crashes on the Moon.
    1981 – Francis Hughes starves to death in the Maze Prison in a Republican campaign for political prisoner status to be granted to Provisional IRA prisoners.
    1982 – During a procession outside the shrine of the Virgin Mary in Fátima, Portugal, security guards overpower Juan Fernandez Krohn before he can attack Pope John Paul II with a bayonet. Krohn, an ultraconservative Spanish priest opposed to the Vatican II reforms, believed that the Pope had to be killed for being an "agent of Moscow".
    2002 – Former US President Jimmy Carter arrives in Cuba for a five-day visit with Fidel Castro becoming the first President of the United States, in or out of office, to visit the island since Castro's 1959 revolution.
    2003 – The Riyadh compound bombings, carried out by Al Qaeda, kill 26 people.
    2006 – Iranian Azeris interpret a cartoon published in an Iranian magazine as insulting, resulting in massive riots throughout the country.
    2008 – An earthquake (measuring around 8.0 magnitude) occurs in Sichuan, China, killing over 69,000 people.
    2008 – U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement conducts the largest-ever raid of workplace and arrests nearly 400 immigrants for identity theft and document fraud.

    Births:

    1401 – Emperor Shōkō, Japanese emperor
    1812 – Edward Lear, English artist and poet
    1820 – Florence Nightingale, British nurse
    1828 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English painter
    1886 – Ernst A. Lehmann, German zeppelin captain (captain of the Hindenburg)
    1889 – Otto Frank, German businessman and Holocaust victim, father of Anne Frank
    1907 – Katharine Hepburn, American actress
    1918 – Julius Rosenberg, American atomic spy
    1918 – Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founder of Mary Kay Cosmetics
    1925 – Yogi Berra, American baseball player
    1928 – Burt Bacharach, American pianist, composer, and producer
    1935 – Johnny Bucyk, Canadian ice hockey player
    1937 – George Carlin, American comedian, actor, and author
    1948 – Steve Winwood, English musician and songwriter
    1950 – Bruce Boxleitner, American actor
    1950 – Gabriel Byrne, Irish actor
    1950 – Billy Squier, American singer-songwriter and musician
    1959 – Ving Rhames, American actor
    1966 – Stephen Baldwin, American actor
    1968 – Tony Hawk, American skateboarder
    1969 – Kim Fields, American actress
    1970 – Samantha Mathis, American actress
    1971 – Jamie Luner, American actress
    1975 – Lawrence Phillips, American football player
    1978 – Jason Biggs, American actor
    1978 – Josh Phelps, American baseball player
    1979 – Steve Smith, American football player

    Deaths:

    1003 – Pope Silvester II
    1012 – Pope Sergius IV
    1864 – J.E.B. Stuart, American soldier and Confederate Army general
    1889 – John Cadbury, English businessman and philanthropist, founded Cadbury
    1916 – James Connolly, Irish socialist and leader of the Easter Rising
    1935 – Józef Piłsudski, Polish statesman
    1992 – Robert Reed, American actor
    2001 – Perry Como, American singer and actor
    2003 – Khalid al-Juhani, Saudi Arabian terrorist
  13. Juliet316 Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Apr 27, 2005
    star 7
    ON THIS DAY

    On May 13, 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot and seriously wounded in St. Peter's Square by a Turkish assailant, Mehmet Ali Agca.
  14. jp-30 Manager Emeritus

    Member Since:
    Dec 14, 2000
    star 9
  15. Guinastasia Force Ghost

    Member Since:
    Jun 9, 2002
    star 6
    May 13:

    1568 – Battle of Langside: the forces of Mary, Queen of Scots, are defeated by a confederacy of Scottish Protestants under James Stewart, Earl of Moray, her half-brother.
    1846 – Mexican-American War: The United States declares war on Mexico.
    1861 – American Civil War: Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom issues a "proclamation of neutrality" which recognizes the breakaway states as having belligerent rights.
    1861 – The Great Comet of 1861 is discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia.
    1861 – Pakistan’s (then a part of British India) first railway line opens, from Karachi to Kotri.
    1865 – American Civil War: Battle of Palmito Ranch – in far south Texas, more than a month after Confederate General Robert E. Lee's surrender, the last land battle of the Civil War ends with a Confederate victory.
    1880 – In Menlo Park, New Jersey, Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway.
    1888 – With the passage of the Lei Áurea ("Golden Law"), Brazil abolishes slavery.
    1912 – The Royal Flying Corps (now the Royal Air Force) is established in the United Kingdom.
    1917 – Three children report the first apparition of Our Lady of Fátima in Fátima, Portugal.
    1939 – The first commercial FM radio station in the United States is launched in Bloomfield, Connecticut. The station later becomes WDRC-FM.
    1940 – World War II: Germany's conquest of France begins as the German army crosses the Meuse. Winston Churchill makes his "blood, toil, tears, and sweat" speech to the House of Commons.
    1940 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands flees her country to Great Britain after the Nazi invasion. Princess Juliana takes her children to Canada for their safety.
    1941 – World War II: Yugoslav royal colonel Dragoljub Mihailović starts fighting with German occupation troops, beginning the Serbian resistance.
    1943 – World War II: German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.
    1948 – 1948 Arab-Israeli War: the Kfar Etzion massacre is committed by Arab irregulars, the day before the declaration of independence of the state of Israel on May 14.
    1950 – The first round of the Formula One World Championship is held at Silverstone.
    1958 – During a visit to Caracas, Venezuela, Vice President Richard Nixon's car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators.
    1958 – The trade mark Velcro is registered.
    1960 – Hundreds of University of California, Berkeley students congregate for the first day of protest against a visit by the House Committee on Un-American Activities. Thirty-one students are arrested, and the Free Speech Movement is born.
    1972 – Faulty electrical wiring ignites a fire underneath the Playtown Cabaret in Osaka, Japan. Blocked exits and non-functional elevators lead to 118 fatalities, with many victims leaping to their deaths.
    1972 – The Troubles: a car bombing outside a crowded pub in Belfast sparks a two-day gun battle involving the Provisional IRA, Ulster Volunteer Force and British Army. Seven people are killed and over 66 injured.
    1989 – Large groups of students occupy Tiananmen Square and begin a hunger strike.
    1994 – Johnny Carson makes his last television appearance on Late Show with David Letterman.
    1996 – Severe thunderstorms and a tornado in Bangladesh kill 600 people.
    1998 – Race riots break out in Jakarta, Indonesia, where shops owned by Indonesians of Chinese descent are looted and women raped.
    2000 – In Enschede, the Netherlands, a fireworks factory explodes, killing 22 people, wounding 950, and resulting in approximately €450 million in damage.

    Births:

    1024 – Hugh of Cluny, French saint
    1588 – Ole Worm, Danish physician
    1655 – Pope Innocent XIII
    1717 – Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress (mother of Marie Antoinette)
    1792 – Pope Pius IX
    1883 – Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek pathologist, invented the pap smear
    1907 – Dame Daphne du Maurier, English author
    1914 – Joe Louis, American boxer
    1922 – Bea Arthur, American actress
    1931 – Jim Jones, American founder and leader of the Peoples Temple
    1938 – Francine Pascal, American author
    1939 – Harvey Keitel, American actor
    1941 – Jody Conradt, American basketball coach
    1941 – Ritchie Valens, Mexican-American singer-songwriter and guitarist
    1950 – Bobby Valentine, American baseball player and manager
    1950 – Stevie Wonder, American singer-songwriter, musician, producer, and activist
    1956 – Ravi Shankar, Indian spiritual leader, founded the Art of Living Foundation
    1961 – Dennis Rodman, American basketball player and actor
    1964 – Stephen Colbert, American comedian, writer, and actor (STE-PHEN! STE-PHEN! STE-PHEN!)
    1969 – Buckethead, American musician and songwriter
    1972 – Darryl Sydor, Canadian ice hockey player
    1977 – Samantha Morton, English actress
    1978 – Barry Zito, American baseball player
    1979 – Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland
    1980 – L. J. Smith, American football player
    1981 – Shaun Phillips, American football player
    1985 – Jaroslav Halak, Slovak ice hockey player
    1986 – Lena Dunham, American actress, writer, and director
    1986 – Robert Pattinson, English actor, model, musician, and producer
    1986 – Kris Versteeg, Canadian ice hockey player
    1987 – Candice Accola, American actress and singer
    1987 – Carrie Prejean, American model and author, Miss California USA 2009
    1989 – P.K. Subban, Canadian ice hockey player

    Deaths:

    1176 – Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine
    1573 – Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord
    1937 – Ekaterina Geladze, Russian mother of Joseph Stalin
    1961 – Gary Cooper, American actor
    1977 – Mickey Spillane, Irish-American gangster
    2005 – Michael Ross, American serial killer
    2011 – Derek Boogaard, Canadian ice hockey player
  16. Juliet316 Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Apr 27, 2005
    star 7
    :rolleyes: It was Pope John Paul II. What do you think?
  17. jp-30 Manager Emeritus

    Member Since:
    Dec 14, 2000
    star 9
    I just googled him. He IS dead. @};-
  18. Juliet316 Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Apr 27, 2005
    star 7
    Yes, but not from the assassination attempt.
  19. I Are The Internets Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Nov 20, 2012
    star 7
    How do you know? Maybe they cloned him?

    Maybe he was a zombie?
  20. jp-30 Manager Emeritus

    Member Since:
    Dec 14, 2000
    star 9
    The next assassination attempt was successful!?
  21. Darth Tunes SfC Part III Commissioner

    Game Host
    Member Since:
    Nov 26, 2000
    star 10
    I wouldn't put it past the Catholic Church.
    Juliet316 likes this.
  22. Juliet316 Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Apr 27, 2005
    star 7
    ON THIS DAY

    On May 14, 1948, the independent state of Israel was proclaimed as British rule in Palestine came to an end.
  23. Guinastasia Force Ghost

    Member Since:
    Jun 9, 2002
    star 6
    May 14:

    1264 – Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.
    1607 – Jamestown, Virginia is settled as an English colony.
    1610 – Henry IV of France is assassinated bringing Louis XIII to the throne.
    1643 – Four-year-old Louis XIV becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.
    1787 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, delegates convene a Constitutional Convention to write a new Constitution for the United States; George Washington presides.
    1796 – Edward Jenner administers the first smallpox vaccination.
    1804 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition departs from Camp Dubois and begins its historic journey by traveling up the Missouri River.
    1870 – The first game of rugby in New Zealand is played in Nelson between Nelson College and the Nelson Rugby Football Club.
    1889 – The children's charity National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children is launched in London.
    1931 – Ådalen shootings: five people are killed in Ådalen, Sweden, as soldiers open fire on an unarmed trade union demonstration.
    1935 – The Philippines ratifies an independence agreement.
    1939 – Lina Medina becomes the youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five.
    1948 – Israel is declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel is attacked by the neighboring Arab states, triggering the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
    1955 – Cold War: Eight communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defense treaty called the Warsaw Pact.
    1961 – American civil rights movement: The Freedom Riders bus is fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and the civil rights protesters are beaten by an angry mob.
    1973 – Skylab, the United States' first space station, is launched.
    1988 – Carrollton bus collision: a drunk driver traveling the wrong way on Interstate 71 near Carrollton, Kentucky, United States hits a converted school bus carrying a church youth group. 27 die in the crash and ensuing fire.

    Births:

    1316 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
    1553 – Margaret of Valois, wife of Henry IV of France
    1630 – Katakura Kagenaga, Japanese samurai
    1727 – Thomas Gainsborough, English painter
    1869 – Arthur Rostron, English captain of the RMS Carpathia (rescuer of the Titanic survivors)
    1878 – J. L. Wilkinson, American baseball executive
    1925 – Sophie Kurys, American baseball player (All American Girls League)
    1925 – Oona O'Neill, Bermudian-Swiss wife of Charlie Chaplin
    1929 – Gump Worsley, Canadian ice hockey player
    1936 – Bobby Darin, American singer-songwriter and actor
    1942 – Tony Pérez, Cuban baseball player
    1944 – George Lucas, American director
    1951 – Robert Zemeckis, American director
    1952 – David Byrne, Scottish-American singer-songwriter, musician, producer, and actor
    1961 – Tim Roth, English actor and director
    1961 – Alain Vigneault, Canadian ice hockey coach
    1962 – Ian Astbury, English singer-songwriter and musician
    1962 – C. C. DeVille, American guitarist and actor
    1964 – Suzy Kolber, American sportscaster
    1969 – Cate Blanchett, Australian actress
    1969 – Danny Wood, American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, and actor
    1971 – Sofia Coppola, American director
    1977 – Roy Halladay, American baseball player
    1978 – Eddie House, American basketball player
    1983 – Frank Gore, American football player
    1983 – Amber Tamblyn, American actress
    1984 – Mark Zuckerberg, American computer programmer and internet entrepreneur, co-founder of Facebook

    Deaths:

    964 – Pope John XII
    1470 – Charles VIII of Sweden
    1574 – Guru Amar Das, Indian spiritual leader, 3rd Sikh Guru
    1610 – Henry IV of France (as mentioned above)
    1643 – Louis XIII of France (as mentioned above)
    1878 – Ookubo Toshimichi, Japanese statesman, samurai, and one of the "three great nobles" who led the Meiji Restoration
    1912 – Frederick VIII of Denmark
    1919 – Henry J. Heinz, German-American businessman, founder of the H. J. Heinz Company
    1970 – Billie Burke, American actress
    1987 – Rita Hayworth, American dancer and film actress
    1991 – Jiang Qing, Chinese actress and First Lady, wwife of Mao Zedong
    1993 – William Randolph Hearst Jr., American newspaper magnate
    1998 – Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor
    2003 – Robert Stack, American actor
    2012 – Mitchell Guist, American alligator hunter, cast member on Swamp People
  24. Juliet316 Chosen One

    Member Since:
    Apr 27, 2005
    star 7
    ON THIS DAY

    On May 15, 1911, the Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Standard Oil Company, ruling it was in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
  25. jp-30 Manager Emeritus

    Member Since:
    Dec 14, 2000
    star 9
    Huge day in world history.