With today being the 72nd anniversary of Pearl Harbor, I want to take a look at the events that occured before the attack. President Roosevelt clearly felt that the Japanese would likely attack the United States somewhere in the Pacific, likely the Philippines, but probably didn't expect the attack to come when it did; the administration thought they would have more time to reinforce the islands. Hawaii wasn't given't much consideration. Also, Admiral Kimmel and General Short failed to respond adequately to the war warnings flashed out to Pearl. Controversy is still raging over a mysterious message known as "East Wind Rain" supposedly picked up at Cheltenham, Maryland, in early December less than a week before the attack. If both the Philippines and Hawaii had both been adequately reinforced before December 7th, if Kimmel and Short had taken the warnings seriously, could the attack have been prevented, or at least blunted? What are your thoughts? BTW, for those who haven't, I would recommend reading John Costello's novels The Pacific War and Days of Infamy. He traces the events leading up to Pearl step by step and discusses both Hawaii and the Philippines in detail.