Once they allow married priests, which they once did (only got rid of for inheritance reasons), we'll begin to see a change as the married priests eventually rise to become Bishops and Cardinals. And I really do think Married Priests is inevitable and coming relatively soon. As a result of being in married partnership with women, the Church will eventually see it's fine to have female priests. Also, with priests actually being allowed to have sex, as well as having female priests, they'll eventually begin to see that many church doctrines on sexuality don't really make sense. Then I think they'll then ditch the "open to life" thing, and then suddenly all those things we find ridiculous to be considered sins will no longer be sins. Ex: masturbation, nonvaginal sex, gay sex (inside marriage), etc. If all that happens in my lifetime... and if they loosen up the hierarchy and make it feel more like universal brotherhood/sisterhood... (which would inevitably happen if they reunite with the Orthodox and some Protestant churches. Plus it's something John Paul and Benedict have already begun, and really sounded like Francis definitely will continue with too) ...then I'll agree with them on 99%, and might as well officially become Catholic. I already agree with them on accepting Science, on believing non-Christians go to heaven, and on harmony with and good in the other religions as well as secular philosophies. It all starts with the Married Priests. And even conservative Catholics think it's inevitable and coming soon. EDIT: here's a better pic Btw, did anyone else think they saw Cardinals snapping photos of the crowd on their cell phones, from the other balconies?