It wasn't as simple as that. Britain now embarked upon a series of wars with France and the rest of Europe in what is called "The War of the Spanish Succession" but also concerned the English Succession, as we will see. The Hapsburgs in Spain were about to die out. Philip II of Armada fame had four wives and one surviving son by the fourth wife, Philip III. Philip III had one son, Philip IV, who had numerous children, who all died except two daughters, and one son, Carlos II. [image=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/Carlos_II.jpg] Too many cousin marriages, quite obviously. Carlos was married twice but never consummated either marriage. So what happens? The eldest of Philip IV's daughters married Louis XIV of France, and Louis proposed that his second grandson, Philippe D'Anjou, become King of Spain. The Austrian Hapsburgs wanted to reunite Spain with the Austrian Empire. There was also another claimant, the descendant of Philip IV's younger daughter. He was an obvious compromise, but Louis couldn't resist it. Spain was in the middle of a long decline, but it still had a very rich and extensive overseas Empire. Louis' mother had been a Spanish Infanta (Philip IV's sister) and his wife was Philip IV's daughter. So he believed he had the best right. Strictly in dynastic terms, he did, but both his mother and wife waived their claims to the Spanish throne upon marrying into France. Nobody wanted the Austrians to win, either. The Hapsburg Empire had been divided by Carlos I (Charles V), Philip II's father. He deemed the Empire too big and diverse to be ruled by one person, and so he gave the German and Austrian lands to his brother, who became Holy Roman Emperor, and kept Spain, the colonies, and Holland and Belgium. Thus the Spanish and Austrian Hapsburgs were separate, though they intermarried to a very unfortunate degree. (Philip II's last wife was an Austrian princess, and his own niece. Carlos II was the end result--he was mentally and physically ******ed) So: stand-off. England, Portugal and the Dutch Republic weighed their options, and decided that Louis was the bigger threat. They joined the Austrian side. The war was fought in Europe mostly, though there was some fighting in the colonies. England sent troops under one of the most famous generals in their history, John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough. The Austrians also had a really brilliant general, Prince Eugene of Savoy. The result was that Louis XIV's hegemony in Europe was destroyed, and a balance of power in Europe ensued, and basically held, with adjustments, until the rise of Prussia in 1870 pulled things permanently awry. One thing Louis wanted did occur: Philip D'Anjou did become King of Spain. However, the countries had to be governed separately. Philip was unpleased by this, but it has held to date. The French Bourbons, descended from Louis XIV's older grandson, have died out, though there is a claimant descended from his brother, Philippe d'Orleans. But the current Kings of Spain are descended directly from Philip D'Anjou.