On Thursday 18th September 2014 Scottish people will be asked: Should Scotland be an independent country? If Scotland were to vote yes it would end the 1707 Act Of Union between England and Scotland - The historic act which created Great Britain and formed the foundation of the British Empire. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acts_of_Union_1707 Some history: When Tony Blair formed the government of the United Kingdom in 1997 his administration created devolved parliaments for Scotland and Wales, claiming that devolution would "kill Scottish independence stone dead." Initially all went well and Labour controlled the Scottish Parliament from 1999 to 2007. But in 2007 the Scottish Nationalists (SNP - who have been gradually growing in strength in Scotland since the 1960's) formed a minority administration when the Labour government was thrown out. In 2011 an historic election was held for the Scottish Parliament - This election saw the SNP make sweeping gains across Scotland. The result of this election was that the SNP formed a majority government in Scotland and thus SNP leader Alex Salmond (who became first minister) earned a mandate to hold a referendum on Scottish Independence. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_Parliament_general_election,_2011 The Labour Party, who had long seen Scotland as their personal fiefdom was shocked to their foundations. The Conservative Party, who have been in a terminal decline across Scotland since Mrs Thacther's government in the 1980's and the Lib-Dem's, who were virtually wiped out in the 2011 Scottish election, currently form a coalition government of Great Britain. The UK government had no choice but to bow to Alex Slamond's request to hold a referendum on Scottish independence and so in 2012 legislation was passed through the Westminster Parliament allowing the Scottish government to hold a referendum on independence. Initially the "Better Together" campaign was confident that the referendum would result in a solid NO vote. However, as the campaign has gone along the opinion polls have narrowed. This seems to be a result of the "Better Together" campaign and Westminster parties warning Scotland that they may not be able to keep the pound or stay in the European Union. Rather than dissuading Scots from voting for independence, these threats seems to have hardened opinion in favour of a Yes vote. The latest ICM poll for Scotland On Sunday shows No with just a 3% lead, down 4% since last month. Yes would need just a further 2% swing to win the referendum. ICM is regarded as perhaps the UK's most reliable pollster, so it's safe to say this poll has generated show waves through the Better Together campaign. http://www.scotsman.com/news/politi...ndence-poll-yes-on-brink-of-victory-1-3382125 Were Scotland to vote to leave the Union the SNP government have pledged to keep HM The Queen as their head of state. They have also said they would apply to join the Commonwealth. Nevertheless, it would obviously be a massive humiliation and rejection of the Royal Family for the Queen to have to go to a foreign country for her holidays in Balmoral. One possible implication of a Yes vote could be for the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, David Cameron, to have to resign, as recently revealed by the well informed political editor of the Daily Telegraph in this blog; http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/b...-cameron-showed-scots-that-england-does-care/ "David Cameron will resign if he loses Scotland. A Prime Minister who allows the break-up of the United Kingdom cannot suffer such a statement of no confidence and continue in office. That much is understood in Downing Street, where a gnawing doubt about the referendum gets worse by the day. The vote takes place in five months this Friday. Angst rather than panic describes the feeling apparent among those involved – but is it just a momentary loss of nerve, or a dawning realisation that something is seriously wrong?" So, that's where we are.The very real prospect that in five months time we'll see an end to one of the greatest and most successful Unions in the world, plus what's left of the UK will be looking for a new Prime Minister. Following any Yes vote would also be months if wrangling and recrimination as the "divorce" is finalized. Personally I hope Scotland will eventually vote No and the Union will be maintained, but I wouldn't be overly surprised were Scotland to vote for Independence. Here's all the info how how we got here and what's going to happen next. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_independence_referendum,_2014 I'll try and keep this thread updated with all the twists and turns as we approach the referendum.