What are the universal values of morality & justice? Cultural relativism exists, customs and habits in one culture may be considered alien or vulgar by another culture. But does moral relativism exists? I would say no. This might be similar to the thread I made earlier about "what are rights," where the absence of proof of God means that abstract values are ultimately determined by humans... but I would argue that there are universal values of what is moral and just among us humans, even if it's still evolving. What are these values? Can we come up with a complete list? [hr] To start us off, my opinion... I see that our universal sense of morality and justice are based around our respect for the following: Respect for Life *Physical well-being... against murder, physical harm/assault/abuse/harassment, physical torture, degradation or disrespect of dead bodies *Psychological well-being... against brainwashing, psychological harm/assault/abuse/harassment/distress, psychological torture, intentionally putting someone in a coma *Sexual well-being... against rape, and other forms of sexual harm/assault/abuse/harassment/violation *Liberal well-being ("liberal" for lack of a better adjective)... against kidnapping/imprisonment/abduction/trafficking, slavery/servitude/coercion, discrimination, violation of privacy Respect for Property *Ownership... against theft/robbery/burglary, trespassing *Preservation... against vandalism/arson/damage/destruction (including not only private property, but also common property like the natural environment) *Promise... against violation of contracts/trusts/wills/vows/oaths Respect for Truth *Honesty... against lying, deception, perjury, slander/libel/defamation, fraud, forgery, impersonation, identity theft That really does feel like a complete list to me. Maybe the list would expand if our science and technology give us more power, and sci-fi issues like transhumanism, time travel, resurrection, etc. became actual possibilities, but (except for possibly transhumanism) we are far, far away from dealing with issues like that (if they're possible at all). Does that seem like a complete list of our universal values? Are they all based on respect for life, property, and truth? Anything you disagree with?