Well, I didn't fall asleep, but I got sidetracked and then I forgot to update the thread Week 17: Characterisation and character development Okay, we talked about narrators, points of view, voices, canon characters, original characters, now let's talk a bit about techniques for characterisation and character development to wrap up this discussion. Characterisation can be either direct or indirect. In direct characterisation, you the author tell your reader directly what your character is like, whereas in the case of indirect characterisation the reader must deduce the character's traits from his/her behaviour, language, environment, etc. A few ways in which a character can be revealed and developed, directly or indirectly, are: Physical description, Psychological description, What s/he thinks, What s/he says, How s/he says it, What s/he does, What others say about him/her, The environment s/he chose for him/herself, How s/he reacts to a different environment, How s/he reacts to others, How s/he handles problems, What s/he likes or dislikes, What s/he wants. So, tell us a little bit about how you do it. Do you favour direct or indirect characterisation in your writing? Do you tell the reader about your character through descriptions, introspection, comments by the narrator? Or do you make things happen and let the reader form his/her own idea of the character? Do you use a little bit or both? Why? Do you approach your protagonist's characterisation in the same way as you approach the characterisation of secondary/supporting characters? In most stories the protagonist tends to be a dynamic character that develops as s/he overcomes the problem facing him/her, whereas secondary characters tend to be more static. Do you find that this calls for a different approach to characterisation? Why? How do you handle the characterisation of the antagonist/villain (noting that all antagonists are not necessarily villains)? Do you use your antagonist as a foil to better expose the qualities or traits of your protagonist? Do you tend to write villains that are defined by a single, major personality trait or do you like them to be more complex and rounded? How do you show this to the reader? Do you use stock characters, i.e. characters that have become conventional through their repeated use in stories, such as the mad scientist, the femme fatale, the ruthless businessperson, the faithful sidekick, etc? If yes, do you use them as background characters (again, defined by their major personality trait) or do you like to give them a story arc and develop them? How do you develop them, and how do you expose this development to the reader? Any other tips and tricks about characterisation and character development that you'd like to share?