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  1. In Memory of LAJ_FETT: Please share your remembrances and condolences HERE

Fun On this date in history...

Discussion in 'Fun and Games' started by Juliet316 , Dec 26, 2012.

  1. Juliet316

    Juliet316 Time-Traveling F&G Manager star 10 Staff Member Manager

    Registered:
    Apr 27, 2005
    Two more because one was pivotal in the advance of human rights and the other was just, well, infamous.



     
  2. Sarge

    Sarge Chosen One star 10

    Registered:
    Oct 4, 1998
    27 June 1988: During flight testing of the first Boeing 747-400 airliner, N401PW, serial number 23719, test pilots James C. Loesch and Howard B. Greene took off from Moses Lake, Washington and climbed to an altitude of 2,000 meters (6,562 feet). The total weight of the airplane was 405,659 kilograms (894,325 pounds). This set a new Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) World Record for Greatest Mass Carried to a Height of 2,000 Meters.
    The 747-400 was a major development of the 747 series. It had many structural and electronics improvements over the earlier models, which had debuted 18 years earlier. New systems, such as a “glass cockpit”, flight management computers, and new engines allowed it to be flown with a crew of just two pilots, and the position of Flight Engineer became unnecessary. :mad:

    28 June 1927: At 7:09 a.m., PDT, 1st Lieutenant Lester J. Maitland and 1st Lieutenant Albert F. Hegenberger, Air Service, United States Army, took off from Oakland Municipal Airport, California, aboard an Atlantic-Fokker C-2, serial number A.S. 26-202, Bird of Paradise. Their destination was Wheeler Field, Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii, 2,407 miles (3,874 kilometers) across the Pacific Ocean.
    Maitland and Hegenberger planned to fly a Great Circle route to Hawaii and to use radio beacons in California and Hawaii to guide them, in addition to celestial navigation. For most of the flight, however, they were not able to receive the radio signals and relied on ded reckoning.
    After 25 hours, 50 minutes of flight, Bird of Paradise landed at Wheeler Field, 6:29 a.m., local time, 29 June 1927. It had completed the first Transpacific Flight. For their achievement, both officers were awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

    28 June 1937: Leg 27. Koepang, Timor, Dutch East Indies to Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.
    “We crossed the Timor Sea from Koepang, on Timor Island, in three hours and twenty-nine minutes against strong head winds. We flew over fleecy clouds at a height of 7,000 feet. . .
    “The country of this northern coast of Australia is very different from that surrounding Koepang. There jagged mountains rose against the dawn, while here, as far as one could see, were endless trees on an endless plain. The airport is good and very easy to find. We were pounced upon by a doctor as we rolled to a stop, and thereupon were examined thoroughly for tropical diseases. No one could approach us or the airplane until we had passed muster. If this work is done at all it should be thorough, and I approved the methods, although the formalities delayed refueling operations. The customs officials had to clear the Electra as if she were an ocean-going vessel, but that was done with much dispatch. Inasmuch as we had little in the plane but spare parts, fuel and oil, the process was simplified. At Darwin, by the way, we left the parachutes we had carried that far, to be shipped home. A parachute would not help over the Pacific.” —Amelia Earhart


    28 June 1940: A ¼–scale mahogany model of the North American Aviation NA-73X, prototype of the Royal Air Force Mustang Mk.1, was tested in the Ten-Foot Wind Tunnel at the Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology (GALCIT) in Pasadena, California, from 28 June to 26 July 1940.
    The Ten-Foot Tunnel was funded by a $300,000 grant from the Daniel Guggenheim Foundation. Construction of the Laboratory began in 1927 and the wind tunnel became operational in November 1929. A 15 foot (4.572 meter) diameter fan was capable of producing air speeds up to 200 miles per hour (322 kilometers per hour). The first complete scale model airplane to be tested was the Northrop Alpha.
    Airships, airplanes, and structures (bridges, buildings) were tested in the tunnel. According to Caltech, the Douglas Aircraft Company used the facility more than any other manufacturer.
    During World War II, a staff of sixty worked three shifts, seven days a week. A technician who worked there later said, “We had a tighter schedule than the tightest schedule anyone ever had.”

    28 June 1945: The very last of 18,482 B-24 Liberator very long range heavy bombers rolled off the assembly line at Ford’s Willow Run Aircraft Plant, located between Belleville and Ypsilanti, Michigan.
    More B-24s were built than any other American aircraft type. They were produced by the designer, Consolidated Aircraft, at its San Diego, California and Fort Worth, Texas plants; by Douglas Aircraft at Tulsa, Oklahoma; North American Aviation at Dallas, Texas; and by Ford Willow Run.
    Ford built 6,972 B-24s in 776 days and produced kits for 1,893 more to be assembled by the other manufacturers. The Willow Run plant completed a B-24 every 63 minutes.
     
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  3. Master_Lok

    Master_Lok Force Ghost star 6

    Registered:
    Dec 18, 2012
    June 29th Happy Birthday to[face_party]

    John (Da Wei “David”) Chiang. Born 72 years ago into an acting family, Da Wei started acting when he was four, took up martial arts in his teens, and became a stunt coordinator and stunt man for Shaw Brothers in his late teens under Tong Gai and Lau Kar Lueng’s guidance. Director Chang Cheh noticed the agile youth and approached Da Wei about becoming a lead actor. Teamed up with neophyte Ti Lung, Da Wei would soon become the first Hong Kong stunt man to become a profitable and popular actor.

    Almost immediately, Chiang won the Best Actor award at the HK Oscars for his role in Vengeance! In 1974, because of his box office popularity, Shaws touted him as the King of Kung Fu.

    Toward the end of his SB contract, he reunited with Tong Gai and Lau Kar Leung for two of my favorite Chiang SB movies, Judgment of An Assassin and Shaolin Mantis. At that time, he seriously upped his martial arts skills which can be seen those movies, Shaolin Abbot, The Challenger and The Loot. He also directed several movies and is the older half brother to noted HK director (and former SB heartthrob), Derek Yee.

    Da Wei remains of my most favorite Shaw Brothers people.


    Also born today, legendary Shaw Brothers actor-director Lo Lieh.

    Lo was the martial artist responsible for ushering in the Kung Fu movie craze with Five Fingers of Death (a.k.a. King Boxer) months before Bruce Lee.

    Lo is best known as one of the studio’s most recognizable villain actors for his characters in Executioner of Shaolin (Pai Mei), the muderous Chun Fang from Human Lanterns, and the warlock in Black Magic 2, but I also enjoy his heroic and/or comedic personas especially in Ghosts Galore and Perils of the Sentimental Swordsman. His weapons work with the Guan Dao was pretty great too. Like Da Wei, he was a very good director though Lo had a better grasp on documenting fight scenes than Da Wei.

    He would have been 80 today.[face_party]
     
    Last edited: Jun 29, 2019
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  4. Sarge

    Sarge Chosen One star 10

    Registered:
    Oct 4, 1998
    June 29, 2009, Sarge retires from 20 years in the US Air Force.

    [​IMG]
     
  5. Master_Lok

    Master_Lok Force Ghost star 6

    Registered:
    Dec 18, 2012
    Thank you for your service @Sarge =D=[:D]=D=
     
  6. Juliet316

    Juliet316 Time-Traveling F&G Manager star 10 Staff Member Manager

    Registered:
    Apr 27, 2005
    Echoing the sentiment. Thank you @Sarge
     
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  7. Sarge

    Sarge Chosen One star 10

    Registered:
    Oct 4, 1998
    29 June 1900: Famed French aviator, poet and author, Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger, comte de Saint Exupéry, was born at No. 8 rue Payrat, Lyon, Departement du Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France. He was the third of five children of Jean Marc Martin comte de Saint-Exupéry and Andrée Louise Marie de Boyer de Fonscolombe de la Mole, comtesse de Saint-Exupéry. As the oldest son, Antoine inherited his father’s title of nobility.
    “Transport of the mails, transport of the human voice, transport of the flickering pictures—in this century as in others our highest accomplishments still have the single aim of bringing men together.” —Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, 1939
    “What saves a man is to take a step. Then another step. It is always the same step, but you have to take it.”
    — Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Terre des hommes (English edition: Wind, Sand and Stars), translated from the French by Lewis Galantière, Harcourt Brace & Company, New York, Chapter II at Page 37
    On 29 December 1935, while flying his red and white Caudron C.630 Simoun, F-ANRY, in a race from Paris, France, to Sài Gòn, French Indo-China, Saint-Exupéry crashed in the Sahara desert. He and his mechanic, André Prévost, were marooned without food or water. They wandered aimlessly for four days and were near death when they were rescued by a Bedouin tribesman. Saint-Exupéry wrote about the experience in Wind, Sand and Stars, and it was the inspiration for his classic novel, The Little Prince.
    Saint-Exupéry traveled to Spain in 1937 to observe the Spanish Revolution. He was horrified by what he experienced. “War is not an adventure,” he wrote. “It is a disease.”
    Following the outbreak of World War II, Saint-Exupéry returned to service with the Armée del’Air, flying in a reconnaissance squadron. With the surrender of France to the German invaders, he fled to Portugal. Saint-Exupéry sailed from Lisbon 20 December 1940 aboard S.S. Siboney, arriving at the Port of New York, 31 December.
    In April 1943, he returned to the war flying with the Free French Air Force, the Forces Aériennes Françaises Libres.
    Commandant Saint-Exupéry disappeared with his Lockheed F-5B-1-LO Lightning photo reconnaissance airplane (serial number 42-68223) while on a mission to Grenoble and Annecy, at the base of the French Alps, 31 July 1944.
    His identity bracelet was found in 1998 by a fisherman, off the southern coastline of France. Wreckage of the F-5B was located on the sea floor in May 2000.

    29 June 1937: Leg 28. Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan fly the Lockheed Electra 10E, NR16020, from Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, to Lae, Territory of New Guinea.
    “Lae, New Guinea, June 30th. After a flight of seven hours and forty-three minutes from Port Darwin, Australia, against head winds as usual, my Electra now rests on the shores of the Pacific. Beyond the Gulf of Huon the waters stretch into the distance. Somewhere beyond the horizon lies California. Twenty-two thousand miles have been covered so far. There are 7,000 to go.
    “From Darwin we held a little north of east, cutting across the Wellington Hills on the northern coast of Arnhem Land, which is the topmost region of Australia’s Northern Territory. The distance to Lae was about 1,200 miles. Perhaps two-thirds of it was over water, the Arafura Sea, Torres Strait and the Gulf of Papua.
    “Midway to New Guinea the sea is spotted with freakish islands, stony fingers pointing towards the sky sometimes for hundreds of feet. We had been told the clouds often hang low over this region and it was better to climb above its hazardous minarets than to run the risks of dodging them should we lay our course close to the surface. Then, too, a high mountain range stretches the length of New Guinea from northwest to southeast. Port Moresby was on the nearer side, but it was necessary to clamber over the divide to reach Lae situated on the low land of the eastern shore. As the journey progressed we gradually increased our altitude to more than 11,000 feet to surmount the lower clouds encountered. Even at that, above us towered cumulus turrets, mushrooming miraculously and cast into endless designs by the lights and shadows of the lowering sun. It was a fairy-story sky country, peopled with grotesque cloud creatures who eyed us with ancient wisdom as we threaded our way through its shining white valleys. But the mountains of cloud were only dank gray mist when we barged into them, that was healthier than playing hide-and-seek with unknown mountains of terra firma below. Finally, when dead reckoning indicated we had traveled far enough, we let down gingerly. The thinning clouds obligingly withdrew and we found ourselves where we should be, on the western flanks of the range with the coastline soon below us. Working along it, we found Lae and set down. We were thankful we had been able to make our way successfully over those remote regions of sea and jungle – strangers in a strange land.” —Amelia Earhart

    29 June 1955: The first operational Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, RB-52B-15-BO 52-8711, was delivered to the 93rd Bombardment Wing, Heavy, at Castle Air Force Base, Merced, California. The new long-range heavy bomber would replace the 93rd’s Boeing B-47 Stratojets.
    Fifty B-52Bs were built by Boeing at its Plant 2, Seattle, Washington. Twenty-seven of these were RB-52B reconnaissance bombers. They were designed to accept a pressurized electronic intelligence and photographic reconnaissance capsule with a two-man crew that completely filled the bomb bay. Without the capsule aboard, the RB-52s were capable of the same bombing missions as their sister B-52Bs. The change could be made within a few hours.
    The B-52B/RB-52B was operated by a six-man flight crew for the bombing mission, and eight for reconnaissance. These were the aircraft commander/pilot, co-pilot, navigator, radar navigator/bombardier, electronic warfare officer, and gunner, plus two reconnaissance technicians when required.

    29 June 1965: At 10:21:17.6 PDT, Captain Joe H. Engle, United States Air Force, flying the Number Three North American Aviation X-15A-3 research rocketplane, 56-6672, was air-dropped from the NB-52B Stratofortress mothership, Balls 8, over Delamar Dry Lake in Nevada. This was the 138th flight of the X-15 Program, and Joe Engle’s 12th. He fired the Reaction Motors XLR99-RM-1 engine for 81.0 seconds and accelerated to Mach 4.94 (3,432 miles per hour, 5,523 kilometers per hour). The X-15 climbed to an altitude of 280,600 feet (85,527 meters, 53.14 miles). He touched down at Edwards Air Force Base after 10 minutes, 34.2 seconds of flight. His parents were at Edwards to witness his flight.
    Captain Engle qualified for Astronaut wings on this flight, the third and youngest Air Force pilot to do so.
    From 1963 and 1965, Joe Engle made 14 flights in the three X-15s. After leaving the X-15 Program, he was assigned to the Apollo Program, the only NASA astronaut with prior spaceflight experience. He was the back-up Lunar Module pilot for Apollo 14 and he was the designated LM pilot for Apollo 17 but was replaced by Harrison Schmidt when Apollo 18 was cancelled. Next he went on to the Space Shuttle Program. He was a Mission Commander for the Enterprise flight tests and for Columbia‘s second orbital flight, during which he became the only pilot to manually fly a Mach 25 approach and landing. Finally, he commanded the Discovery STS 51-1 mission.
    Joe Engle retired from the Air Force in 1986. He was then promoted to the rank of Major General and assigned to the Kansas Air National Guard. He has flown at least 185 aircraft types and accumulated 14,700 flight hours, with 224 hours in space.
     
  8. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    Registered:
    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ALSO ON JUNE 29th:
    In 1613, London's original Globe Theatre, where many of Shakespeare's plays were performed, was destroyed by a fire sparked by a cannon shot during a performance of "Henry VIII."

    In 1880, France annexed Tahiti, which became a French colony on December 30, 1880.

    In 1767, Britain approved the Townshend Revenue Act, which imposed import duties on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper and tea shipped to the American colonies. (Colonists bitterly protested, prompting Parliament to repeal the duties — except for tea.)

    In 1911, composer/conductor Bernard Herrmann was born in New York City.

    In 1920, writer/producer/VFX creator Ray Harryhausen was born in Los Angeles.

    In 1927, the first trans-Pacific airplane flight was completed as Lt. Lester J. Maitland and Lt. Albert F. Hegenberger arrived at Wheeler Field in Hawaii aboard the Bird of Paradise, an Atlantic-Fokker C-2, after flying 2,400 miles from Oakland, CA in 25 hours, 50 minutes.

    In 1928, The Outerbridge Crossing and Goethals Bridge in Staten Island, NY were both opened.

    In 1943, actress Maureen O’Brien, known to Whovians for playing Vicky during the Hartnell era, was born in Liverpool, Lancashire, England.

    In 1954, the Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer's access to classified information.

    In 1956, The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 was signed, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.

    In 1960, BBC Television Center in West London was opened.

    In 1967, Jerusalem was re-unified as Israel removed barricades separating the Old City from the Israeli sector.

    In 1972, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the case Furman v. Georgia that arbitrary and inconsistent imposition of the death penalty violated the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments, and constitutes cruel and unusual punishment.

    Also in 1972, the sequel “Conquest of the Planet of the Apes”, starring Roddy McDowall, premiered in New York City.

    In 1974, Isabel Peron was sworn in as the first female President of Argentina.

    In 1975, Steve Wozniak tested his first prototype of the Apple I computer.

    In 1988, the comedy ”Coming to America”, starring Eddie Murphy, was released in the U.S.

    In 1995, the Samppong Department Store collapsed in the Seocho District of Seoul, South Korea, killing 501 and injuring 937.

    Also in 1995, Space Shuttle Atlantis docked with the Russian space station Mir for the first time.

    In 1998, the science fiction movie “Armageddon” premiered at Kennedy Space Center.

    In 2006, The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that President George W. Bush’s plan to try Guantanamo Bay detainees in military tribunals violated U.S. and international law.

    In 2007, Apple, Inc. released its first mobile phone, the iPhone.

    In 2012, a derecho group of severe thunderstorms swept across the Midwestern and Mid-Atlantic United States. The storms resulted in at least 22 deaths and heavy damage, including power outages affecting millions of people.

    In 2014, the Islamic State terrorist group self-declared it’s caliphate in Syria and northern Iraq.
     
  9. Juliet316

    Juliet316 Time-Traveling F&G Manager star 10 Staff Member Manager

    Registered:
    Apr 27, 2005
  10. Sarge

    Sarge Chosen One star 10

    Registered:
    Oct 4, 1998
    1 July 1912: While flying her new two-place Blériot XI monoplane, at the Third Annual Boston Aviation Meet at Squantum, Massachusetts, Harriet Quimby and her passenger, William A. P. Willard, Jr., organizer of the Meet, flew out over the water:
    “As the pair returned from circling the Boston Light far out in the bay, the sky had turned a dazzling orange. Five thousand spectators watched as the monoplane approached over the tidal flats, strikingly silhouetted against the blazing sky. Without any warning, the plane’s tail suddenly rose sharply, and Willard was pitched from the plane. The two-passenger Blériot was known for having balance problems, and without Willard in the rear seat, the plane became gravely destabilized.
    “For a moment it seemed that Quimby was regaining control of the plane. But then it canted forward sharply again, and this time Quimby herself was thrown out. The crowd watched in horror as the two plunged a thousand feet to their deaths in the harbor. Ironically, the plane righted itself and landed in the shallow water with minimal damage.
    “Quimby was 37 years old.”
    The cause of the accident is unknown and there was much speculation at the time. What is known is that neither Quimby nor Willard were wearing restraints. Also, the Blériot XI was known to be longitudinally unstable. With the nose pitched down the tail plane created more lift, which caused the nose to pitch down even further.
    Harriet Quimby was the first American woman to become a licensed pilot. After 33 flight lessons over a four-month period at the Moisant Aviation School at Hempstead, Long Island, New York, on 1 August 1911, Harriet Quimby took her flight test and became the first woman to receive a pilot’s license, Number 37, from the Aero Club of America. She was called as “America’s First Lady of the Air.”
    Miss Quimby was well-known throughout the United States and Europe, and she wore a “plum colored” satin flying suit. But she was a serious aviator. Just twelve weeks earlier, on 6 April 1912, Harriet Quimby became only the second pilot to fly across the English Channel when she flew a Blériot XI from Dover to Hardelot-Plage, Pas-de-Calais, in 1 hour, 9 minutes. Her only instruments were a hand-held compass and a watch.

    1 July 1915: German Luftstreitkräfte fighter pilot Leutnant Kurt Wintgens was flying a pre-production Fokker M.5K/MG, number E.5/15, (designated Eindecker III when placed in production), which was equipped with a single fixed, forward-firing machine gun. An interrupter gear driven off the engine stopped the machine gun momentarily as the propeller blades crossed the line of fire. This was known as synchronization.
    At approximately 1800 hours, Leutnant Wintgens engaged a French Morane-Saulnier Type L two-place observation airplane east of Lunéville in northeastern France. The French airplane’s observer fired back with a rifle. Eventually, the Morane-Saulnier was struck by bullets in its engine and forced down.
    Wintgens is believed to have achieved the first aerial victory using a synchronized machine gun, though because his victim went down inside Allied lines, the victory was not officially credited.

    1 July 1920: James Harold Doolittle was commissioned as a second lieutenant, Air Service, United States Army.

    1 July 1937: Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan are delayed another day at Lae, Territory of New Guniea.
    “July 1st. ‘Denmark’s a prison,’ and Lae, attractive and unusual as it is, appears to two flyers just as confining, as the Electra is poised for our longest hop, the 2,556 miles to Howland Island in mid-Pacific. The monoplane is weighted with gasoline and oil to capacity. However, a wind blowing the wrong way and threatening clouds conspired to keep her on the ground today. In addition, Fred Noonan has been unable, because of radio difficulties, to set his chronometers. Any lack of knowledge of their fastness and slowness would defeat the accuracy of celestial navigation. Howland is such a small spot in the Pacific that every aid to locating it must be available. Fred and I have worked very hard in the last two days repacking the plane and eliminating everything unessential. We have even discarded as much personal property as we can decently get along without and henceforth propose to travel lighter than ever before. All Fred has is a small tin case which he picked up in Africa. I noted it still rattles, so it cannot be packed very full. Despite our restlessness and disappointment in not getting off this morning, we still retained enough enthusiasm to do some tame exploring of the near-by country.” —Amelia Earhart

    1 July 1954: The final Convair B-36 Peacemaker, B-36J-10-CF 53-2727, a Featherweight III variant, completed assembly at Convair Division of General Dynamics plant at Fort Worth, Texas. The last B-36 built, this was also the very last of the ten-engine very long range heavy bombers in service. It was retired 12 February 1959, and is now in the collection of the Pima Air and Space Museum, Tucson, Arizona.
    Convair B-36J 52-2827 is one of 14 Featherweight III high altitude variants. It was built without the six retractable defensive gun turrets of the standard B-36, retaining only the two 20 mm autocannons in the tail. This reduced the crew requirement to 13. The bomber is 162.1 feet (49.4 meters) long with a wingspan of 230.0 feet (70.1 meters) and overall height of 46.8 feet (14.3 meters).
     
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  11. Sarge

    Sarge Chosen One star 10

    Registered:
    Oct 4, 1998
    2 July 1926: The Air Service, United States Army, becomes the U.S. Army Air Corps.

    2 July 1937: At approximately 10:00 a.m., local time, Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan departed Lae, Territory of New Guinea, aboard their Lockheed Electra 10E Special, NR16020, enroute to Howland Island, 2,243 nautical miles (2,581 statute miles/4,154 kilometers) east-northeast across the South Pacific Ocean. The airplane was loaded with 1,100 gallons (4,164 liters) of gasoline, sufficient for 24 to 27 hours of flight.
    They were never seen again.

    2 July 1943: 1st Lieutenant Charles Blakesly Hall, United States Army Air Corps, of the 99th Fighter Squadron (which was briefly attached to the 324th Fighter Group) was the first of the famous “Tuskegee Airmen” to shoot down an enemy airplane during World War II.
    “It was my eighth mission and the first time I had seen the enemy close enough to shoot him. I saw two Focke-Wulfs following the bombers just after the bombs were dropped. I headed for the space between the fighters and bombers and managed to turn inside the Jerries. I fired a long burst and saw my tracers penetrate the second aircraft. He was turning to the left, but suddenly fell off and headed straight into the ground. I followed him down and saw him crash. He raised a big cloud of dust.”
    Hall was the first African-American to be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. Before the war ended, he had flown 198 combat missions and had been promoted to the rank of major.

    2 July 1990: At 10:20 p.m., Pacific Daylight Time, Anatoly Demyanovich Grishchenko, Honored Test Pilot of the Soviet Union, and test pilot at the M.M. Gromov Flight Research Institute, Zhukovsky, Russia, died at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.
    For four days in April 1986, Anatoly Grischenko and Mil Design Bureau Chief Test Pilot Gurgen Karapetyan flew a Mil Mi-26 helicopter dropping loads of sand and wet cement on the wreckage of Reactor Number 4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant near Pripyat, Ukraine, which had been destroyed by an explosion. A mixture of sand, lead, clay and boron was dropped directly on the exposed reactor core. Carrying 15 ton loads suspended from an 200 meter (656 feet) cable, they made repeated trips while flying through the radioactive gases released from the plant. (Radiation measurements taken at 200 meters above the reactor exceeded 500 roentgens per hour.)
    Grischenko suffered from radiation poisoning and later, leukemia. Four years later, Grischenko, along with his wife Galina, was brought to the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, in Seattle, Washington, for medical treatment, on 11 April 1990. He underwent chemotherapy and radiation treatments to destroy his own bone marrow. A 42-year-old woman from France had donated her marrow, which was flown directly to Seattle by British Airways.
    On 12 June 1990, exploratory surgery was performed to find the cause of the infection. His condition worsened and he was placed on a respirator, but died on the evening of 2 July 1990.
    On the Fourth of July, Independence Day, the most important holiday in America, national flags in the city of Seattle were lowered to half-mast to honor the memory of the heroic, self-sacrificing test pilot from Zhukovsky.
     
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  12. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    Registered:
    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON JUNE 30th:

    In 1859, French acrobat Charles Blondin walked back and forth on a tightrope above the gorge of Niagara Falls as thousands of spectators watched.

    In 1865, eight people, including Mary Surratt and Dr. Samuel Mudd, were convicted by a military commission of conspiring with John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Abraham Lincoln. (Four defendants, including Surratt, were executed; Mudd was sentenced to life in prison, but was pardoned by President Andrew Johnson in 1869.)

    In 1882, Charles J. Guiteau was hanged in Washington, D.C. for the assassination of President James Garfield.

    In 1908, the Tunguska Event took place in Russia as an asteroid exploded above Siberia, leaving 800 square miles of scorched or blown-down trees.

    In 1912, Canada's deadliest tornado on record occurred as a cyclone struck Regina, the provincial capital of Saskatchewan, killing 28 people.

    In 1917, singer/actress/activist Lena Horne was born in Bed-Stuy.

    In 1921, President Warren G. Harding nominated former President William Howard Taft to be Chief Justice of the United States, succeeding the late Edward Douglass White.

    In 1933, the Screen Actors Guild was established.

    In 1934, Adolf Hitler launched his "blood purge" of political and military rivals in Germany in what came to be known as "The Night of the Long Knives."

    In 1949, "The Missouri Waltz" became the official state song of Missouri.

    In 1951, the Hitchcock thriller “Strangers on a Train” was released in the U.S.

    In 1952, the radio program "The Guiding Light" made its debut as a television soap opera on CBS.

    In 1953, the first Chevrolet Corvette rolls off the assembly line in Flint, MI.

    In 1958, the U.S. Senate passed the Alaska statehood bill by a vote of 64-20.

    In 1960, Congo gained independence from Belgium.

    In 1963, Pope Paul VI was crowned the 262nd head of the Roman Catholic Church.

    In 1971, the crew of the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 11 (Georgy Dobrovolsky, Vladislav Volkov and Viktor Patsayev) were killed when their air supply escaped through a faulty valve.

    Also In 1971, the fantasy movie “Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory”, starring Gene Wilder, was released in the U.S.

    In 1972, for the first time, a leap-second was added to Coordinated Universal Time to account for the slowing rotation of the Earth.

    In 1985, 39 American hostages from a hijacked TWA jetliner were freed in Beirut after being held 17 days.

    Also in 1985, Yul Brynner performed for the last time as the King of Siam in "The King and I." He had done the show off and on for 34 years and more than 4,500 performances.

    In 1994, an Airbus A330 passenger plane crashed after takeoff from Toulouse, France, on a test flight, killing all seven occupants.

    Also in 1994, the Supreme Court ruled, 6-3, that judges can bar even peaceful demonstrators from getting too close to abortion clinics.

    In 1997, The United Kingdom transferred sovereignty over Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.

    In 2003, filming began at Fox Studios in Sydney, Australia for “Star Wars: Episode III- Revenge of the Sith”.

    In 2007, on “Doctor Who”, “The Last of the Time Lords” was broadcast on BBC 1. It featured the last regular appearance of Freema Agyeman as Martha Jones.

    In 2013, nineteen firefighters died controlling a wildfire in Yarnell, AZ.

    In 2014, a sharply divided Supreme Court ruled that some companies with religious objections could avoid the contraceptives requirement in President Barack Obama's health care overhaul, the first time the high court declared that businesses can hold religious views under federal law.

    In 2015, Jedi Academy: The Phantom Bully, the third book in Jeffrey Brown’s “Jedi Academy” series, was published by Scholastic. And your humble correspondent processed South Plainfield Library’s copy the day previous.
     
  13. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    Registered:
    May 27, 1999
    Lest we forget...
    [​IMG]
     
  14. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    Registered:
    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ALSO ON JULY 1st:

    In 1535, Sir Thomas More went on trial in England, charged with high treason for rejecting the Oath of Supremacy. (More was convicted, and executed.)

    In 1863, the pivotal, three-day Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, resulting in a Union victory, began in Pennsylvania.

    In 1867, Canada became a self-governing dominion of Great Britain as the British North America Act took effect.

    In 1870, The U.S. Dept. of Justice formally came into existence.

    In 1898, the Battle of San Juan Hill is fought in Santiago de Cuba.

    In 1899, the founders of the Gideons held their first meeting.

    In 1902, producer/director/screenwriter William Wyler was born in Mulhausen, Alsace-Lorraine, German Empire.

    In 1908, SOS was adopted as the International Distress Signal.

    In 1916, during World War I, on the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army were killed and 40,000 wounded.

    Also in 1916, actress Olivia de Havilland was born in Tokyo, Japan.

    In 1934, Hollywood began enforcing its Production Code subjecting motion pictures to censorship review.

    In 1934, actress/writer Jean Marsh, OBE was born in Stoke Newington, London. Depending on the fandom, she’s well-known as either Rose the parlourmaid or three different “Doctor Who” characters, including one Companion.

    In 1935, actor/bodybuilder David Prowse was born in Bristol, England. He’d earn his Sith title some years later.

    In 1937, Martin Niemoller, a leading Lutheran who resisted Nazi racism, was arrested by the Gestapo.

    In 1940, the original Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington State opened to traffic despite concerns over its tendency to "bounce" in windy conditions, inspiring the nickname "Galloping Gertie" (four months later, the suspension bridge's main section collapsed into Puget Sound).

    Also in 1940, the swashbuckling adventure “The Sea Hawk”, starring Errol Flynn, was released in the U.S.

    In 1946, the United States exploded a 20-kiloton atomic bomb near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.

    In 1952, actor/comedian/screenwriter/musician/Ghostbuster/Not Ready for Prime Time Player Dan Aykroyd was born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

    In 1956, Elvis Presley appeared on Steve Allen's variety show singing "Hound Dog" to a Bassett hound. He also was forbidden to dance.

    In 1961, Diana, Princess of Wales was born in Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk, England.

    In 1963, The Beatles recorded "She Loves You" at EMI's Abbey Road Studios in London. The song became the band's second number-one hit in both the US and UK.

    Also in 1963, ZIP codes were introduced for U.S. mail.

    In 1965, the epic slapstick comedy "The Great Race," starring Jack Lemmon, Tony Curtis and Natalie Wood, was released.

    In 1969, Sam Phillips sold the Sun record label, which had been home to Elvis Presley and Jerry Lee Lewis at the start of their careers.

    In 1980, "O Canada" was proclaimed the national anthem of Canada.

    In 1984, the MPAA introduced the PG-13 rating.

    In 1987, the American radio station WFAN (660 AM) in New York City was launched as the world's first all-sports radio station.

    In 1991, the Warsaw Pact was officially dissolved.

    Also in 1991, the sequel “Terminator 2; Judgement Day” premiered in Century City, CA.

    In 1994, the movie “The Shadow”, based on the pulp and radio character, was released in the U.S., with Alec Baldwin in the title role.

    In 1995, The NBA locked out its players. It was the first work stoppage in the league's history.

    In 2000, Vermont's civil unions law, which granted gay couples most of the rights, benefits and responsibilities of marriage, went into effect.

    Also in 2000, The Confederate flag was removed from atop South Carolina's Statehouse (in a compromise, another Confederate flag was raised on the Statehouse grounds in front of a soldier's monument).

    In 2013, the sci-fi/monster movie “Pacific Rim” premiered in Mexico City.
     
  15. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

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    May 27, 1999
  16. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    Registered:
    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ALSO ON JULY 2nd:

    In 1776, the Continental Congress passed a resolution saying that "these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States."

    In 1777, Vermont became the first American territory to abolish slavery.

    In 1822, thirty-five slaves were hanged in South Carolina, including Denmark Vesey, after being accused of organizing a slave rebellion.

    In 1839, twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, fifty-three rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinque took over the slave ship Amistad.

    In 1881, President James A. Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield died the following September. (Guiteau was hanged in June 1882.)

    In 1890, President Benjamin Harrison signed into law the Sherman Antitrust Act.

    In 1897, British-Italian engineer Guglielmo Marconi obtained a patent for radio in London.

    In 1900, the first Zeppelin flight took place on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

    In 1915, a time bomb planted in a reception room of the U.S. Senate exploded shortly before midnight, causing considerable damage but hurting no one.

    In 1921, U.S. President Warren G. Harding signed the Knox-Porter Resolution, formally ending the war between the United States and Imperial Germany.

    In 1926, the United States Army Air Corps was created.

    In 1927, actor Brock Peters was born in Harlem. Sci-fi fans know him for his roles in “Soylent Green”, “Star Trek”, “Battlestar Galactica” and for playing Darth Vader in the “Star Wars” radio adaptations.

    In 1937, NASCAR driver Richard Petty was born in Level Cross, Randolph County, NC.

    In 1941, the autobiographical drama “Sergeant York”, starring Gary Cooper in the title role, premiered in New York City.

    Wunnerful, wunnerful! In 1955, "The Lawrence Welk Show" premiered on ABC-TV under its original title, "The Dodge Dancing Party."

    In 1956, Elvis Presley recorded "Don't Be Cruel" and "Hound Dog" in New York City. "Hound Dog" took 31 takes.

    In 1958, the Elvis Presley movie “King Creole” was released in the U.S.

    In 1961, author Ernest Hemingway shot himself to death at his home in Ketchum, ID at age 61.

    In 1962, the first Wal-Mart store opened for business in Rogers, AR.

    In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress.

    In 1976, the Republic of Vietnam fell, when Communist North Vietnam declared the union of North and South to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

    In 1979, the Susan B. Anthony dollar coin was released to the public.

    In 1982, Larry Walters of San Pedro, California, used a lawn chair equipped with 45 helium-filled weather balloons to rise to an altitude of 16,000 feet; he landed eight miles away in Long Beach.

    In 1982, the cartoon adventure “The Secret of NIMH” was released in the U.S.

    In 1986, the comic/martial arts/fantasy/adventure movie “Big Trouble in Little China”, starring Kurt Russell and Kim Catrall, was released in the U.S.

    Also in 1986, the Disney cartoon “The Great Mouse Detective” was released in the U.S.

    In 1990, more than 1,400 Muslim pilgrims were killed in a stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel near Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

    In 1991, principal photography was completed for the sequel “Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country”.

    In 1996, principal photography was completed for the sequel “Star Trek: First Contact”.

    In 1997, actor/Brigadier Gen. James Stewart died in Beverly Hills at age 89.

    Also In 1997, the sci-fi movie “Men in Black”, starring Will Smith and Tommy Lee Jones, was released in the U.S.

    In 1998, principal photography was completed for the sequel “Star Trek: Insurrection”.

    In 2002, Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.

    In 2013, William Shakespeare’s Star Wars: Verily, A New Hope by Ian Doescher was published by Quirk Books.

    Also in 2013, the International Astronomical Union named the PLANET Pluto’s fourth and fifth moons, Kerberos and Styx.
     
  17. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    Registered:
    May 27, 1999
  18. Juliet316

    Juliet316 Time-Traveling F&G Manager star 10 Staff Member Manager

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  19. Sarge

    Sarge Chosen One star 10

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    3 July 1915: At San Diego, California, Lieutenant Byron Quinby Jones, Signal Corps, United States Army, intentionally executed a loop and a stall from which he successfully recovered, the first Army pilot to do so.

    3 July 1951: With his Chance Vought F4U-4B Corsair, Bu. No. 63056, hit and on fire, Captain James V. Wilkins, United States Marine Corps, of Marine Fighter Squadron 312 (VMF-312) stationed aboard USS Sicily (CVE-118), bailed out approximately 35 miles (56 kilometers) southeast of Wonson, North Korea. He parachuted onto a mountainside in the Anbyon Valley.
    Severely burned and with an injured leg, Captain Wilkins was seen by North Korean soldiers along a heavily-traveled supply route. While enemy soldiers shot at him, Wilkins tried to escape by crawling up the mountainside.
    Lieutenant (j.g.) John Kelvin Koelsch, United States Navy, was a helicopter pilot in charge of a detachment of Helicopter Utility Squadron Two (HU-2), stationed aboard a former U.S. Navy Landing Ship (Tank), USS LST-488.
    He had completed a combat tour aboard USS Princeton (CV-37) but rather than return to the United States with his squadron, requested a transfer to HU-2. Koelsch told his shipmates that he felt rescuing downed pilots was his mission.
    When Captain Wilkins’ Corsair went down, Lieutenant Koelsch volunteered to attempt a rescue. Shortly before sunset, he and his rescue crewman, Aviation Machinist’s Mate 3rd Class George Milton Neal, boarded their helicopter, Sikorsky HO3S-1, Bu. No. 122715, and took off from Q-009 in a mist and low clouds.
    Wilkins heard Koelsch’s helicopter approaching and moved back down the mountain toward his parachute. He saw the Sikorsky flying at about 50 feet (15 meters) below a layer of clouds. The helicopter was receiving heavy ground fire from the North Korean soldiers along the road. The Sikorsky was hit and Koelsch turned away, but he quickly returned. Koelsch located Wilkins and brought the HO3S-1 to a hover while rescue crewman Neal lowered a “horse collar” harness on a hoist cable. Neal then lifted the fighter pilot up to the helicopter.
    The helicopter continued to be targeted by ground fire and it was finally shot down. 122715 crashed on the mountainside and rolled upside down. Koelsch and Neal were unhurt and Wilkins suffered no new injuries. Koelsch and Neal carried Wilkins and they moved away from the enemy forces, heading toward the coast. The three Americans evaded the enemy for nine days before they were captured.
    John Koelsch refused to cooperate with his captors. He was held in isolation and subjected to torture. He soon became very ill. Just three months after being captured, Lieutenant (j.g.) John Kelvin Koelsch died. For his actions during and after 3 July 1951, he was awarded the Medal of Honor.
    Captain Wilkins and AM3 Neal survived the war and were eventually returned to the United States. George Milton Neal was awarded the Navy Cross.
    In 1965, the Garcia-class destroyer escort USS Koelsch (DE-1049, later classified as a frigate, FF-1049, in 1975) was christened in honor of the first helicopter pilot to be awarded the Medal of Honor.
     
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  20. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    Registered:
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    If I may...

    ALSO ON JULY 3rd:
    In 1608, the city of Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain.

    In 1775, Gen. George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, MA.

    In 1778, during the Revolutionary War, British forces killed 360 people in the Wyoming Valley massacre.

    In 1819, The Bank of Savings in New York City, the first savings bank in the United States, opened.

    In 1863, the three-day Civil War Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania ended in a major victory for the North as Confederate troops failed to breach Union positions during an assault known as Pickett's Charge.

    In 1884, Dow Jones & Company published its first stock average.

    In 1890, Idaho became the 43rd state of the Union.

    In 1913, during a 50th anniversary reunion at Gettysburg, PA, Civil War veterans re-enacted Pickett's Charge, which ended with embraces and handshakes between the former enemies.

    In 1935, astronaut/geologist/U.S. Senator Harrison “Jack” Schmitt, Lunar Module Pilot for Apollo 17, was born in Santa Rita, NM.

    In 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt marked the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg by dedicating the Eternal Light Peace Memorial.

    In 1944, during World War II, Soviet forces recaptured Minsk from the Germans.

    In 1950, the first carrier strikes of the Korean War took place as the USS Valley Forge and the HMS Triumph sent fighter planes against North Korean targets.

    In 1952, The Constitution of Puerto Rico was approved by the U.S. Congress.

    In 1962, French President Charles de Gaulle signed an agreement recognizing Algeria as an independent state after 132 years of French rule.

    In 1964, actress/author/artist Yeardley Smith was born in Paris, France. She’s well-known for playing one of Springfield’s more prominent citizens.

    In 1965, on “Doctor Who”, part one of “The Time Meddler” was broadcast on BBC 1. It featured the first appearance of Peter Butterworth as the Meddling Monk, the first member of the Doctor’s then-unnamed race to be presented (apart from the Doctor and Susan).

    In 1969, Brian Jones, founder and former guitarist for the Rolling Stones, was found dead at age 27 in his swimming pool at home in England.

    Also in 1969, the biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurred when a Soviet N-1 rocket blew up and subsequently destroyed its launchpad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

    In 1971, singer/songwriter Jim Morrison of the Doors was found dead in Paris at age 27.

    In 1985, the time-travel comedy "Back to the Future," starring Michael J. Fox and Christopher Lloyd, was released in the U.S.

    In 1988, the USS Vincennes shot down an Iran Air jetliner over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.

    In 1993, actor/comedian/Stooge Joe DeRita died in Woodland Hills, CA at age 83.

    In 1996, Russians went to the polls to re-elect Boris Yeltsin president over his Communist challenger, Gennady Zyuganov in a runoff.

    In 1996, the sci-fi/disaster movie “Independence Day” was released in the U.S, just over a week after its premiere in Westwood, CA. In many theaters, a trailer for the upcoming release of the Special Edition of the original “Star Wars” trilogy was included. Some fans have admitted seeing the former mainly so they could see the latter.

    Also in 1997, “Bean: The Movie”, starring Rowan Atkinson, was released in Australia. It would reach the UK the following month, and the U.S. in October.

    In 2001, musician/composer Delia Derbyshire died in Northampton, England at age 64. An electronic music pioneer with the BBC Radiophonic Workshop, she was the unofficial, but widely acknowledged, co-composer of the “Doctor Who” theme music.

    In 2012, actor/producer/singer/comedian Andy Griffith died in Manteo, CA at age 86.

    In 2013, Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi was overthrown by the military after four days of protests all over the country calling for Morsi's resignation, to which he didn't respond. President of the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt Adly Mansour was declared acting president.

    In 2016, a truck bombing on a bustling commercial street in downtown Baghdad killed 115 people, with 187 wounded and 11 missing.
     
  21. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    Registered:
    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON JULY 4th:

    In 1776, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence.

    In 1778, following the previous year's sporadic celebrations, Gen. George Washington declared the nation's first official celebration of the Fourth of July. Held in Piscataway, NJ, it included a cannon & flintlock salute on the banks of the Raritan River and a formal ball at the township's Ross Hall.

    In 1802, the U.S. Military Academy opened at West Point, N.Y.

    In 1817, construction of the Erie Canal began in Rome, NY.

    In 1826, Death claimed the second and third presidents of the United States: John Adams died at age 90 in Braintree, MA, while Thomas Jefferson died at 83 at Monticello, his home near Charlottesville, VA.

    In 1831, James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States, died at age 73 in New York City.

    In 1832, the national hymn “America” was first sung in public at a children’s celebration of Independence Day at the Park St. Church in Boston, MA.

    In 1845, American writer Henry David Thoreau began a two-year experiment in simple living at Walden Pond near Concord, MA.

    In 1863, Vicksburg, MS surrendered to the Army of the Tennessee, led by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, after 47 days of siege.

    Also in 1863, the Army of Northern Virginia withdrew from the battlefield after losing the Battle of Gettysburg, signaling an end to the Southern invasion of the North.

    In 1872, Calvin Coolidge, the 30th president of the United States, was born in Plymouth, VT.

    In 1881, in Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opened.

    In 1882, producer Louis B. Mayer, co-founder of MGM, was born in Minsk, Russia.

    In 1883, cartoonist/engineer/inventor Rube Goldberg was born in San Francisco.

    In 1910, race riots broke out all over the United States after African-American Jack Johnson knocked out Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match.

    In 1912, the 48-star American flag, recognizing the statehood of New Mexico, was adopted.

    In 1918, Bolsheviks killed Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family.

    In 1919, Jack Dempsey won the world heavyweight champion when he defeated Jess Willard.

    In 1927, playwright/screenwriter Neil Simon was born in the Bronx.

    In 1934, boxer Joe Louis won his first professional fight.

    In 1939, baseball player Lou Gehrig, afflicted with a fatal illness, bid a tearful farewell at Yankee Stadium in New York, telling fans, "Today, I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of the Earth."

    In 1943, the Battle of Kursk, the largest full-scale battle in history and the world's largest tank battle, began in Prokhorovka village.

    In 1946, The Philippines became independent.

    In 1959, the 49-star American flag, recognizing the statehood of Alaska, was officially flown.

    In 1960, the 50-star American flag, recognizing the statehood of Hawaii, was officially flown.

    In 1961, on its maiden voyage, the Soviet nuclear-powered submarine K-19 suffered a complete loss of coolant to its reactor. The crew were able to effect repairs, but 22 of them died of radiation poisoning over the following two years.

    In 1962, the sci-fi comedy “Three Stooges in Orbit” was released in the U.S.

    In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Freedom of Information Act into law.

    In 1976, Israeli commandos raided Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing almost all of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by pro-Palestinian hijackers.

    Also in 1976, the United States of America celebrated its Bicentennial.

    In 1987, former Getaspo chief Klaus Barbie was convicted by a French court of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life in prison.

    In 1997, NASA’s Pathfinder space probe landed on the surface of Mars.

    In 2003, singer/songwriter/musician Barry White died in Los Angeles at age 58.

    In 2004, the cornerstone of the Freedom Tower was laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City.

    In 2009, The Statue of Liberty’s crown reopened to the public after eight years of closure due to security concerns following the September 11th attacks.

    In 2016, NASA’s Juno space probe arrived at Jupiter.
     
  22. Juliet316

    Juliet316 Time-Traveling F&G Manager star 10 Staff Member Manager

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  23. Sarge

    Sarge Chosen One star 10

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    Oct 4, 1998
    4 July 1927: The first Lockheed Aircraft Company Vega 1, NX913, made its maiden flight with test pilot Edward Antoine (Eddie) Bellande at Rogers Airport, Los Angeles, California. The airport was at the present location of Wilshire Boulevard and Fairfax Avenue, west of downtown Los Angeles.
    Many record-setting flights were made in later Vegas, and their pilots included Wiley Post and Amelia Earhart.

    4 July 1973: One of the last Grumman Albatross flying boats in service with the United States Air Force, HU-16B 51-5282, set a Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) altitude record for amphibians (Class C-3) when, at 12:33 p.m. EDT, it reached 10,022 meters (32,881 feet). This exceeded the previous record set 37 years earlier by 2,417 meters (7,930 feet).
    Flown by Lieutenant Colonel Charles H. Manning, Major Paul M. Schaeffer and Technical Sergeant Emund K. Schindler, 51-5282 was assigned to the 301st Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron at Homestead AFB, Florida. After the flight, Manning said, “It wasn’t very comfortable. The outside temperature was 25 below zero.” The Air Force Times reported that the cold caused the lens of Sergeant Schindler’s watch to pop out.
     
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  24. Sarge

    Sarge Chosen One star 10

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    5 July 1917: First flight, the first of two Fokker Versuch 5 (V.5) triplane prototypes, designated F.1, serial number 102/17.
    Fokker F.1 102/17 was shot down by a Sopwith Camel, 15 September 1917 near Wervik, Belgium. The pilot, Oberleutnant Kurt Wolff, was killed.
    The design is widely known as the Red Baron's plane of choice, even though he only shot down the last 20 of his 80 kills in the triplane.

    5 July 1927: Less than one year after learning to fly an airplane, Lady Bailey, with Mrs. Geoffrey de Havilland (the former Miss Louise Thomas) as a passenger, took off from the de Havilland airfield at Stag Lane, Edgeware, London, England, and climbed to an altitude of 5,268 meters (17,283 feet) setting a Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) World Record for multi-place light aircraft. (Mrs. de Havilland is listed as “crew” in the FAI record.)

    5 July 1962: Captain Chester R. Radcliffe, Jr., United States Air Force, flew helicopter Kaman HH-43B-KA Huskie 60-0263 from Hill Air Force Base, Utah, to Springfield, Minnesota, a distance of 1,429.80 kilometers (888.44 miles). This established a new Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) World Record for Distance Without Landing.
    The record-setting Kaman HH-43B Huskie 60-0263 was last assigned to Detachment 3, 42nd Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico. It is in the collection of the National Museum of the United States Air Force, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Its distance record still stands.
     
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  25. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

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    If I may...

    ALSO ON JULY 5th:
    In 1687, Isaac Newton first published his Principia Mathematica, a three-volume work setting out his mathematical principles of natural philosophy.

    In 1811, Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.

    In 1865, the Secret Service Division of the U.S. Treasury Department was founded in Washington D.C. with the mission of suppressing counterfeit currency.

    In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act.

    In 1937, Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation. It would be another 33 years before Python got ahold of it.

    In 1940, during World War II, Britain and the Vichy government in France broke off diplomatic relations.

    In 1941, the Bugs Bunny cartoon “The Heckling Hare” was released in the U.S. A dispute over the ending of this cartoon between director Tex Avery and producer Leon Schlesinger resulted in Avery leaving Warner Bros. and subsequently moving to MGM.

    In 1945, during World War II, the liberation of the Philippines was declared.

    In 1946, the bikini, created by Louis Reard, was modeled by Micheline Bernardini during a poolside fashion show in Paris.

    In 1947, Larry Doby made his debut with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.

    In 1948, Britain's National Health Service Act went into effect, providing publicly-financed medical and dental care.

    Also in 1948, actor William Hootkins, known to “Star Wars” fans for playing Porkins in “Episode IV- A New Hope”, was born in Dallas TX.

    In 1950, The Knesset passed the Law of Return, which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.

    Also in 1950, during the Korean War, American and North Korean forces first clashed, in the Battle of Osan.

    In 1954, Elvis Presley's first commercial recording session took place at Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee; the song he recorded was "That's All Right."

    In 1958, cartoonist Bill Watterson, creator of Calvin & Hobbes, was born in Washington, D.C.

    In 1962, independence took effect in Algeria; the same day, civilians of European descent, mostly French, came under attack by extremists in the port city of Oran.

    In 1969, The Rolling Stones held a free concert in London's Hyde Park. Mick Jagger read poetry in memory of the late Brian Jones.

    In 1971, the 26th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, was formally certified by President Richard Nixon.

    In 1975, Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title as he defeated Jimmy Connors, 6-1, 6-1, 5-7, 6-4.

    In 1977, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, was overthrown in a military coup.

    In 1984, the Supreme Court weakened the 70-year-old "exclusionary rule," deciding that evidence seized in good faith with defective court warrants could be used against defendants in criminal trials.

    In 1989, the pilot episode of the sit-com “Seinfeld”, titled “The Seinfeld Chronicles”, was broadcast on NBC-TV.

    In 1991, a worldwide financial scandal erupted as regulators in eight countries shut down the Bank of Credit and Commerce International.

    In 1996, Dolly the sheep became the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.

    In 2004, the first Indonesian presidential election was held.

    In 2008, on “Doctor Who”, the episode “Journey’s End” was broadcast on BBC 1. It featured the last regular appearance of Catherine Tate as Donna Noble.

    In 2012, the 95-story London skyscraper The Shard was inaugurated as the tallest building in Europe, with a height of 310 meters (1,020 ft).

    In 2016, NASA’s unmanned Juno space probe arrived at Jupiter and began a 20-month survey of the planet.

    In 2019, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake hit Southern California about 125 miles northeast of Los Angeles, causing significant damage, just a day after a magnitude 6.4 earthquake in the same area.