Fun On this date in history...

Discussion in 'Fun and Games' started by Juliet316 , Dec 26, 2012.

  1. Juliet316

    Juliet316 9X Wacky Wed/ 16X Hangman Winner star 10 VIP - Game Winner

    Apr 27, 2005
  2. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON OCTOBER 31st:

    In 1517, Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace church, marking the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.

    In 1861, citing failing health, Union General Winfield Scott resigned as Commander of the U.S. Army.

    In 1864, Nevada became the 36th state as President Abraham Lincoln signed a proclamation.

    In 1913, the Lincoln Highway, the first automobile highway across United States, was dedicated.

    In 1926, magician Harry Houdini, age 52, died in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix.

    In 1930, astronaut/test pilot Michael Collins was born in Rome, Italy. He’d later serve as pilot for Gemini 10, and as CM Pilot for Apollo 11.

    In 1936, actor/writer/producer/director Michael Landon was born in Queens, NY. Later on, he’d relocate to, respectively, the Ponderosa and the prairie.

    In 1941, the Navy destroyer USS Reuben James was torpedoed by a German U-boat off Iceland with the loss of some 100 lives, even though the United States had not yet entered World War II.

    Also in 1941, work was completed on the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, begun in 1927.

    In 1945, the Agatha Christie mystery “And Then There Were None” was released in the U.S.

    In 1950, actor/comedian John Candy was born in New Market, Ontario, Canada. His work at a TV station in Melonville would come later.

    In 1951, the movie “Scrooge”, based on Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol”, was released in the UK. It starred Alistair Sim as Scrooge.

    In 1961, the body of Josef Stalin was removed from Lenin's Tomb as part of the Soviet Union's "de-Stalinization" drive.

    In 1964, Theodore C. Freeman, age 34, became the first member of NASA's astronaut corps to die when his T-38 jet crashed while approaching Ellington Air Force Base in Houston.

    In 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered a halt to all U.S. bombing of North Vietnam, saying he hoped for fruitful peace negotiations.

    In 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two Sikh security guards.

    In 1988, actor/writer/producer John Houseman died in Malibu at age 86. It was one day after the anniversary of the infamous “War of the Worlds” broadcast he produced with Orson Welles.

    In 1993, actor/musician River Phoenix died in West Hollywood, CA at age 23.

    In 2002, a federal grand jury in Houston, TX indicted former Enron chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his former employer.

    In 2014, Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShip Two crashed in the Mojave Desert during a test flight.

    In 2015, Kogalymavia Flight 9268 crashed in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, killing all 224 people on board.

    In 2020, actor Sir Thomas Sean Connery died in Nassau, The Bahamas, at age 90.
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  3. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON NOVEMBER 1st:

    In 1478, the Spanish Inquisition was established.

    In 1512, Michelangelo's just-completed paintings on the ceiling of the Vatican's Sistine Chapel were publicly unveiled by the artist's patron, Pope Julius II.

    In 1520, The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, was first discovered and navigated by European explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the first recorded circumnavigation voyage.

    In 1604, William Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello" was performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.

    In 1611, William Shakespeare's play “The Tempest” was performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.

    In 1765, the Stamp Act, passed by the British Parliament, went into effect, prompting stiff resistance from American colonists.

    In 1861, during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln named Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan General-in-Chief of the Union armies, succeeding Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott.

    In 1870, the United States Weather Bureau made its first meteorological observations.

    In 1871, author/poet Stephen Crane was born in Newark, NJ.

    In 1881, actor Edward Van Sloan was born in Chaska, MN. He’s best-known for his appearances in Universal Horror movies, including “Frankenstein” and “Dracula”.

    In 1894, Nicholas II became the new (and last) Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, died.

    In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.

    In 1940, the adventure movie “The Mark of Zorro”, starring Tyrone Power and Basil Rathbone, premiered in Cincinnati.

    In 1945, Ebony, a magazine geared toward African-American readers, was first published.

    In 1946, SPFX artist/designer Dennis Muren was born in Glendale, CA. He’s best-known for his work with Industrial Light and Magic, particularly for the original “Star Wars” trilogy and “Jurassic Park”.

    In 1946, the fantasy drama “A Matter of Life and Death”, starring David Niven, premiered in a Royal Command Performance at the Empire in Leicester Square, London

    In 1950, Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempted to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.

    In 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, code-named "Ivy Mike," at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

    In 1954, Algerian nationalists began their successful 7-year rebellion against French rule.

    In 1965, the controversial docu-drama “The War Game” was released in the U.K.

    In 1968, the Motion Picture Association of America unveiled its new voluntary film rating system: G for general, M for mature (later changed to GP, then PG), R for restricted and X (later changed to NC-17) for adults only. (The system had been formally adopted on October 7th.)

    In 1973, Leon Jaworski was appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.

    In 1982, Honda became the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of its factory in Marysville, OH; a Honda Accord was the first car produced there.

    In 1986, on “Doctor Who”, part one of the “Terror of the Vervoids” serial was broadcast on BBC 1. It was the third story in the “Trial of a Time Lord” series, and featured the first appearance of Bonnie Langford as Melanie Bush.

    In 1989, East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia, prompting tens of thousands of refugees to flee to the West.

    In 1993, the Maastricht Treaty took effect, formally establishing the European Union.

    In 2006, the “Star Wars” graphic novel omnibus Tag & Bink Were Here, by Kevin Rubio and Lucas Marangon, was published by Dark Horse Comics.

    In 2007, Brig. Gen. Paul W. Tibbets, Jr. died in Columbus, OH at age 92. He’s best-known as the pilot of the Enola Gay during the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan during World War II.
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  4. Juliet316

    Juliet316 9X Wacky Wed/ 16X Hangman Winner star 10 VIP - Game Winner

    Apr 27, 2005
  5. Juliet316

    Juliet316 9X Wacky Wed/ 16X Hangman Winner star 10 VIP - Game Winner

    Apr 27, 2005
  6. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON NOVEMBER 2nd:

    In 1734, explorer/frontiersman Daniel Boone was born in Berks County, PA.

    In 1795, James K. Polk, the 11th president of the United States, was born in Mecklenburg County, NC.

    In 1865, Warren G. Harding, the 29th president of the United States, was born near Marion, OH.

    In 1889, North Dakota and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th states with the signing of proclamations by President Benjamin Harrison.

    In 1913, actor/director/producer Burt Lancaster was born in Manhattan.

    In 1914, during World War I, Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire.

    In 1917, the Balfour Declaration proclaimed British support for the "establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people" with the clear understanding "that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities".

    In 1920, in the United States, KDKA of Pittsburgh started broadcasting as the first commercial radio station. The first broadcast was the result of the U.S. presidential election.

    In 1927, artist/writer Steve Ditko, co-creator of Spider-Man and Doctor Strange, was born in Johnstown, PA.

    In 1936, the British Broadcasting Corp. inaugurated "high-definition" television service from Alexandra Palace in London. The channel would later be named BBC 1.

    Also in 1936, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation was established.

    In 1947, Howard Hughes piloted his huge wooden flying boat, the Hughes H-4 Hercules (derisively dubbed the "Spruce Goose" by detractors), on its only flight, which lasted about a minute over Long Beach Harbor in California.

    In 1948, President Harry S. Truman surprised the experts by winning a narrow upset over Republican challenger Thomas E. Dewey.

    In 1959, Charles Van Doren, a game show contestant on the NBC-TV program "Twenty-One" admitted to a Congressional committee that he had been given questions and answers in advance.

    In 1963, South Vietnamese President Ngo Dihn Diem was assassinated in a military coup.

    In 1965, Norman Morrison, a 31-year-old Quaker, set himself on fire in front of the river entrance to the Pentagon to protest the use of napalm in the Vietnam War.

    In 1966, the action movie “The Professionals” was released in the U.S. It starred Lee Marvin, Burt Lancaster, Robert Ryan and Woody Strode.

    In 1968, on “Doctor Who”, part one of “The Invasion” was broadcast on BBC 1. It featured the first appearance of UNIT (which was identified by name in the next episode) and of John Levene as then-Corporal John Benton. It was also the first episode with frequent series writer/adapter Terrence Dicks as Script Editor.

    In 1976, voters in NJ approved the establishment of legalized gambling in Atlantic City.

    In 1978, the documentary “Scared Straight!”, filmed at Rahway State Prison in NJ, was released in the U.S. (It would later win an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.)

    In 1979, black militant JoAnne Chesimard escaped from a New Jersey prison, where she'd been serving a life sentence for the 1973 slaying of New Jersey State Trooper Werner Foerster. (Chesimard, who took the name Assata Shakur, is believed to be living in Cuba.)

    In 1983, U.S. President Ronald Reagan signed a bill creating Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.

    In 1990, British Satellite Broadcasting and Sky Television plc merged to form BSkyB as a result of massive losses.

    In 1994, a jury in Pensacola, FL, convicted Paul Hill of murder for the shotgun slayings of abortion provider Dr. John Britton and Britton's bodyguard; Hill was executed in September 2003.

    In 2000, an American astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts became the first residents of the international space station, christening it Alpha.

    In 2004, President George W. Bush defeated John Kerry in the presidential election and secured a second term.

    In 2016, the Chicago Cubs defeated the Cleveland Indians in the World Series, ending the longest Major League Baseball championship drought at 108 years.
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  7. Juliet316

    Juliet316 9X Wacky Wed/ 16X Hangman Winner star 10 VIP - Game Winner

    Apr 27, 2005
  8. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I (belatedly) may...

    ON NOVEMBER 3rd:

    In 1534, English Parliament passed the first Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the Anglican Church, supplanting the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.

    In 1783, The American Continental Army was disbanded.

    In 1839, the first Opium War between China and Britain broke out.

    In 1900, the first major U.S. automobile show opened at New York's Madison Square Garden under the auspices of the Automobile Club of America.

    In 1903, Panama proclaimed its independence from Colombia.

    In 1910, actor Richard Hurndall was born in Darlington, County Durham, England. He’s known to Whovians for playing the First Doctor in the series’ twentieth anniversary episode, “The Five Doctors”.

    In 1911, the Chevrolet Motor Car Co. was founded in Detroit by Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant. (The company was acquired by General Motors in 1918.)

    In 1921, actor Charles Bronson was born in Ehrenfeld, Cambria County, PA.

    In 1933, composer/conductor John Barry was born in York, Yorkshire, England. He’s best-known for scoring eleven James Bond films, and for arranging the theme music for the first one, “Dr. No”.

    Also in 1933, actor Jeremy Brett was born in Berkswell, Warwickshire, England. His many later roles included a highly-acclaimed portrayal of Sherlock Holmes for TV.

    In 1936, President Franklin D. Roosevelt won a second term with a landslide election victory over Republican challenger Alfred M. "Alf" Landon.

    In 1943, five hundred aircraft of the U.S. 8th Air Force devastated Wilhelmshaven harbor in Germany.

    In 1953, comedian/actor/commentator Dennis Miller was born in Pittsburgh, PA.

    In 1954, the monster movie "Gojira" was released in Japan by Toho Co. Re-edited and re-titled “Godzilla, King of the Monsters!”, it would be released in the U.S. in 1956.

    In 1955, the musical “Guys and Dolls”, based on the stories of Damon Runyon and the resulting Broadway musical, premiered in New York City.

    In 1956, actor/writer/director/puppeteer Kevin Murphy was born in River Forest, IL. The movie riffing would come later.

    In 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2, the second man-made satellite, into orbit; on board was a dog named Laika, who was sacrificed in the experiment.

    Also in 1957, actor/producer/director/screenwriter/martial artist Dolph Lundgren was born in Spanga, Sweden.

    In 1961, on “The Twilight Zone”, the episode “It’s a Good Life” was broadcast on CBS-TV. Those who don’t like that story risk being wished into the cornfield.

    In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson soundly defeated Republican Barry Goldwater to win a White House term in his own right.

    In 1967, the episode “I, Mudd” of the original “Star Trek” series was broadcast on NBC-TV. It featured the second appearance of Roger C. Carmel as Harcourt Fenton “Harry” Mudd.

    In 1970, Salvador Allende was inaugurated as president of Chile.

    In 1973, NASA launched the unmanned Mariner 10 toward Mercury. (The following March 29th, it became the first space probe to reach that planet.)

    In 1975, "Good Morning America" premiered on ABC, with hosts David Hartman and Nancy Dussault.

    In 1976, the horror movie “Carrie”, based on Stephen King’s novel and starring Sissy Spacek, was released in the U.S.

    In 1977, the original version of the Disney animated/live action story “Pete’s Dragon” was released in the U.S.

    In 1979, five Communist Workers Party members were killed in a clash with heavily armed Ku Klux Klansmen and neo-Nazis during an anti-Klan protest in Greensboro, NC.

    In 1986, the Iran-Contra affair began to come to light as Ash-Shiraa, a pro-Syrian Lebanese magazine, first broke the story of U.S. arms sales to Iran.

    In 1994, Susan Smith of Union, SC, was arrested for drowning her two young sons, Michael and Alex, nine days after claiming the children had been abducted by a black carjacker.

    In 1998, actor/wrestler Jesse “The Body” Ventura was elected Governor of Minnesota.

    Also in 1998, cartoonist/writer Bob Kane, co-creator of Batman, died in Los Angeles at age 83.

    In 2005, Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff, I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, pleaded not guilty to a five-count felony indictment in the CIA leak case. (Libby was later convicted, but had his 30-month prison sentence commuted by President George W. Bush.)

    In 2014, thirteen years after the 9/11 terrorist attack, the new World Trade Center opened for business.
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  9. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON NOVEMBER 4th:

    In 1879, actor/humorist/columnist Will Rogers was born in Oologah, Indian Territory (later the state of Oklahoma).

    In 1884, Democrat Grover Cleveland was elected to his first term as President, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.

    In 1902, SPFX supervisor/cinematographer John P. Fulton was born in Beatrice, NE. He’d later work on several movies, including “The Invisible Man” and “The Ten Commandments”.

    In 1916, Gunnery Sgt. John Basilone, USMC was born in Buffalo, NY. He’d later receive the Congressional Medal of Honor for his service on Guadalcanal, and a posthumous Navy Cross for his service on Iwo Jima.

    Also in 1916, journalist Walter Cronkite was born in Saint Joseph, MO. And that’s the way it is.

    In 1918, actor Art Carney was born in Mt. Vernon, NY. His days as a denizen of the deep would come later,

    In 1922, the entrance to King Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered in Egypt by archaeologist Howard Carter.

    In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge, who'd succeeded the late President Warren G. Harding, was elected to a full term of office.

    Also in 1924, Nellie T. Ross of Wyoming was elected the nation's first female governor to serve out the remaining term of her late husband, William B. Ross.

    In 1939, the United States modified its neutrality stance in World War II, allowing "cash and carry" purchases of arms by belligerents, a policy favoring Britain and France.

    In 1942, during World War II, Axis forces retreated from El Alamein in North Africa in a major victory for British forces commanded by Lt. Gen. Bernard Montgomery.

    In 1944, the crime drama “I Accuse My Parents” was released in the U.S. Joel & the ‘bots would face it years later.

    In 1952, Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected President, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson.

    Also in 1952, the highly secretive National Security Agency came into existence.

    In 1955, Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young died in Newcomerstown, OH, at age 88.

    In 1956, Soviet troops entered Hungary to end the Hungarian revolution against the Soviet Union that started on October 23. Thousands were killed, more were wounded, and nearly a quarter million left the country.

    In 1964, comedian Lenny Bruce was convicted by a three-judge panel in New York of obscenity charges stemming from his performances at the Cafe Au Go Go in Greenwich Village. (Bruce received a posthumous pardon in 2003 from New York Gov. George Pataki.)

    Also in 1966, the mystery thriller “A Study in Terror”, which featured Sherlock Holmes (played by John Neville) hunting Jack the Ripper, premiered at the Leicester Square Theater in London.

    In 1979, the Iran hostage crisis began as militants stormed the United States Embassy in Tehran, seizing its occupants; for some of them, it was the start of 444 days of captivity.

    In 1980, Republican Ronald Reagan won the White House as he defeated President Jimmy Carter by a strong margin.

    In 1988, the sci-fi thriller “They Live”, directed by John Carpenter, was released in the U.S. It featured my brother Bri’s choice as the greatest fistfight in movie history: Roddy Piper vs. Keith David in the alley.

    In 1991, Ronald Reagan opened his presidential library in Simi Valley, CA; in attendance were President George H.W. Bush and former Presidents Jimmy Carter, Gerald R. Ford and Richard Nixon — the first-ever gathering of five past and present U.S. chief executives.

    In 1995, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing Israeli minutes after attending a festive peace rally.

    In 1996, on “Star Trek: Deep Space 9”, the episode “Trials and Tribble-ations” was broadcast in syndication. And Trekkers found out just why those falling tribbles kept hitting Kirk in the head.

    In 1997, the satirical sci-fi movie “Starship Troopers”, directed by Paul Verhoeven and based on Robert Heinlein’s novel, premiered in Westwood, CA.

    In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama was elected the first African-American President of the United States, defeating Republican John McCain.

    In 2010, Qantas Flight 32, an Airbus A380, suffered an uncontained engine failure over Indonesia shortly after taking off from Singapore, crippling the jet. The crew managed to safely return to Singapore, saving all 469 passengers and crew.
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  10. Juliet316

    Juliet316 9X Wacky Wed/ 16X Hangman Winner star 10 VIP - Game Winner

    Apr 27, 2005

    - RIP Hot Rod.

  11. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I (yet again, belatedly) may...

    ON NOVEMBER 5th:

    In 1605, Guy Fawkes was arrested for his role in the “Gunpowder Plot”, the attempted bombing of England’s House of Lords.

    In 1781, the Continental Congress elected John Hanson of Maryland its chairman, giving him the title of "President of the United States in Congress Assembled."

    In 1872, suffragette Susan B. Anthony defied the law by attempting to cast a vote for President Ulysses S. Grant. (Anthony was convicted by a judge and fined $100, but she never paid the fine.)

    In 1895, George B. Seldon was granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile.

    In 1911, actor/singer Roy Rogers, the King of the Cowboys, was born in Cincinnati, OH.

    In 1912, Democrat Woodrow Wilson was elected president, defeating Progressive Party candidate Theodore Roosevelt, incumbent Republican William Howard Taft and Socialist Eugene V. Debs.

    In 1913, actress Vivien Leigh was born in Darjeeling, British India. Years later, Clark Gable wouldn’t give a damn about one of her characters.

    In 1914, Britain and France declared war against the Ottoman Empire; Britain also annexed Cyprus.

    In 1925, secret agent Sidney Reilly, the first "super-spy" of the 20th century, was executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.

    In 1938, Samuel Barber's "Adagio for Strings" and "Essay for Orchestra" made their world debuts on the NBC Blue radio network as they were performed by the NBC Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Arturo Toscanini.

    In 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term in office as he defeated Republican challenger Wendell L. Willkie.

    In 1943, the Universal Horror movie “Son of Dracula”, starring Lon Chaney, Jr. as the Count, was released in the U.S.

    In 1946, a glass backboard was shattered for the first time in an NBA game. Chuck Connors of the Boston Celtics was the man that broke it. (Yes, it was that Chuck Connors, and, no, he didn’t use a Winchester to break it.)

    In 1954, the drama “On the Waterfront”, starring Marlon Brando, premiered in New York City.

    In 1956, the Hammer horror/sci-fi movie “X the Unknown” was released in the UK. Starring Dean Jagger, it was originally intended as a sequel to “The Quatermass Xperiment”, but Quatermass creator Nigel Kneale refused to allow his character to be used.

    In 1959, The American Football League was formed.

    In 1960, filmmaker Mack Sennett died in Woodland Hills, CA at age 80.

    In 1966, on “Doctor Who”, part one of “The Power of the Daleks”, featuring Patrick Troughton’s first full appearance as the Doctor, was broadcast on BBC 1.

    In 1974, Democrat Ella T. Grasso was elected governor of Connecticut, becoming the first woman to win a gubernatorial office without succeeding her husband.

    In 1989, pianist Vladimir Horowitz died in New York at age 86.

    In 1990, Rabbi Meir Kahane, the Brooklyn-born Israeli extremist, was shot to death at a New York hotel. (Egyptian native El Sayyed Nosair was convicted of the slaying in federal court.)

    In 1994, former President Ronald Reagan disclosed he had Alzheimer's disease.

    In 2004, the Pixar movie “The Incredibles” was released in the U.S.

    In 2009, a shooting rampage at the Fort Hood Army post in Texas left 13 people dead; Maj. Nidal Hasan, an Army psychiatrist, was later convicted of murder and sentenced to death.

    In 2013, India launched the Mars Orbiter Mission, its first interplanetary probe.

    In 2017, a gunman opened fire at a Baptist church in Sutherland Springs, TX, killing at least 26 people and injuring many others. (The 26-year-old gunman was later shot and killed.)
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  12. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON NOVEMBER 6th:

    In 1789, Pope Pius VI appointed John Carroll bishop of Baltimore, making him the first Catholic bishop in the U.S.

    In 1814, Adolphe Sax, the inventor of the saxophone, was born in Dinant, Belgium. Your humble correspondent played one during his very brief attempt at an instrumental musical career.

    In 1854, composer/bandleader John Philip Sousa was born in Washington, D.C. While best-known for his patriotic marches, one of his compositions would find new fame as the theme to a successful British TV series.

    In 1860, former Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln defeated three other candidates for the presidency: John Breckinridge, John Bell and Stephen Douglas.

    In 1861, Confederate President Jefferson Davis was elected to a six-year term of office.

    In 1869, in New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers College (later known as Rutgers University) defeated Princeton University (then known as the College of New Jersey), 6–4, in the first official intercollegiate American football game.

    In 1914, actor Jonathan Harris was born in the Bronx. His sojourn on the Jupiter II would come later.

    In 1928, in a first, the results of Republican Herbert Hoover's presidential election victory over Democrat Alfred E. Smith were flashed onto an electric wraparound sign on the New York Times building.

    In 1934, Nebraska voters approved dissolving their two-chamber legislature in favor of a nonpartisan, single (or "unicameral") legislative body, which was implemented in 1937.

    In 1935, athlete/Christian evangelist Billy Sunday died at age 72.

    In 1939, the Benny Goodman Sextet recorded, "Flying Home," for Columbia.

    In 1942, the mystery “The Falcon’s Brother” was released in the U.S. The fourth in the Falcon series of movies, it’s noteworthy for the, for the time, unusual way the series switched stars from George Sanders to Tom Conway.

    In 1944, British official Lord Moyne was assassinated in Cairo, Egypt, by members of the Zionist Stern gang.

    In 1947, “Meet the Press” made its television debut on NBC. (It had run on radio over the Mutual Broadcasting System since October, 1945.)

    In 1956, President Dwight D. Eisenhower won re-election, defeating Democrat Adlai E. Stevenson.

    In 1958, actor/writer/puppeteer Trace Beaulieu was born in Minneapolis, MN. Years later, he’d play both the instigator and a victim of a bizarre movie-watching experiment.

    In 1962, Democrat Edward M. Kennedy was elected Senator from Massachusetts.

    In 1965, the spy-fi spoof “Dr. Goldfoot and the Bikini Machine”, starring Vincent Price, Frankie Avalon and Dwayne Hickman, was released in the U.S.

    In 1968, the surreal musical-comedy “Head”, starring the Monkees, premiered in New York City.

    In 1973, singer Gram Parsons' manager, Phil Kaufman, was fined $300 for stealing Parsons' body from the Los Angeles International Airport. The body was cremated instead of being taken to Parsons' funeral. Kaufman claimed that it was Parsons' wish to be cremated.

    In 1977, 39 people were killed when the Kelly Barnes Dam burst, sending a wall of water through Toccoa Falls College in Georgia.

    In 1984, President Ronald Reagan won re-election by a landslide over former Vice President Walter Mondale, the Democratic challenger.

    In 1989, author Timothy Zahn’s literary agent contacted him regarding an offer to write “Star Wars” novels. The resulting books were somewhat successful (and later removed from canonicity).

    In 1990, about one-fifth of the Universal Studios backlot in southern California was destroyed in an arson fire.

    In 1995, Art Modell, the owner of the Cleveland Browns football team announced that he was moving the team to Baltimore. The team would later be renamed the Baltimore Ravens.

    In 1999, the Toho kaiju movie “Gojira ni-sen mireniamu” (also known as “Godzilla 2000”) premiered at the Tokyo International Film Festival. It would reach the U.S. the following August.

    In 2001, the action TV series “24”, starring Kiefer Sutherland, premiered on Fox.

    In 2004, the designers of SpaceShipOne, the first privately manned rocket to fly into space, were handed a $10 million check and the Ansari X Prize trophy.

    In 2012, President Barack Obama was elected to a second term of office, defeating Republican challenger Mitt Romney.
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  13. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    Belated Happy Birthday to Kevin Murphy...

    ... and on-time Happy Birthday to Trace Beaulieu.
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  14. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I (belatedly) may...

    ON NOVEMBER 7th:

    In 1837, in Alton, IL, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy was shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.

    In 1861, former U.S. President John Tyler was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives (however, Tyler died before he could take his seat).

    In 1907, Jesus Garcia saved the entire town of Nacozari de Garcia by driving a burning train full of dynamite six kilometers (3.7 miles) away before it could explode.

    In 1914, the first issue of “The New Republic” magazine was published.

    In 1916, Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to Congress.

    In 1917, Russia's Bolshevik Revolution took place as forces led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin overthrew the provisional government of Alexander Kerensky.

    In 1918, evangelist Billy Graham was born in Charlotte, NC.

    In 1919, the first Palmer Raid was conducted on the second anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Over 10,000 suspected communists and anarchists were arrested in twenty-three different U.S. cities.

    In 1940, Washington State's original Tacoma Narrows Bridge, nicknamed "Galloping Gertie," collapsed into Puget Sound during a windstorm just four months after opening to traffic.

    In 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt won an unprecedented fourth term in office, defeating Republican Thomas E. Dewey.

    In 1951, actor/singer Frank Sinatra and actress Ava Gardner were married. (She filed for divorce in 1954.)

    In 1954, the CBS News program "Face the Nation" premiered with Ted Koop as host; the guest was Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, R-Wis.

    In 1962, Republican Richard Nixon, having lost California's gubernatorial race, held what he called his "last press conference," telling reporters, "You won't have Nixon to kick around anymore."

    Also in 1962, former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt died in New York City at age 78.

    In 1963, the all-star comedy "It's a Mad Mad Mad Mad World" had its world premiere in Los Angeles.

    In 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

    Also in 1967, Carl B. Stokes was elected as Mayor of Cleveland, OH, becoming the first African-American mayor of a major American city.

    In 1968, the Hammer Horror movie “Dracula Has Risen from the Grave” was released in the UK. (For its later U.S. release, it would be the first movie rated by the MPAA. Astonishingly, it would be rated G.)

    In 1972, President Richard Nixon was re-elected in a landslide over Democrat George McGovern.

    In 1973, Congress overrode President Nixon's veto of the War Powers Act, which limits a chief executive's power to wage war without congressional approval.

    In 1974, British peer Richard John Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan, disappeared after his children's nanny, Sandra Rivett, was bludgeoned to death at his family's London home; he has not been seen since.

    In 1983, a bomb planted by a radical group exploded inside the U.S. Capitol. No one was injured, but an estimated $250,000 in damage was caused.

    In 1989, L. Douglas Wilder won the governor's race in Virginia, becoming the first elected black governor in U.S. history.

    Also in 1989, David N. Dinkins was elected New York City's first black mayor.

    In 1997, on “Mystery Science Theater 3000”, the movie “Space Mutiny” was featured. And thus were audience members introduced to Big McLargehuge. (Or was it Slab Bulkhead?)

    In 2000, the U.S. Presidential election between Republican Gov. George W. Bush and Democrat Vice-President Al Gore was held. (Due to the close result, resulting recounts and legal actions, the election wouldn’t be decided until December 12th, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Bush’s favor.)

    In 2007, principal photography began on the reboot “Star Trek”, directed by J.J. Abrams.

    In 2016, Janet Reno, who served as U.S. Attorney General from 1993-2001, died in Miami, FL at age 78.
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  15. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON NOVEMBER 8th:

    In 1793, the Louvre began admitting the public, even though the French museum had been officially open since August.

    In 1837, Mary Lyons opened Mount Holyoke Seminary in South Hadley, MA, the first US college established especially for women.

    In 1847, author Bram Stoker, best-known for his novel Dracula, was born in Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland.

    In 1861, during the Civil War, the USS San Jacinto stopped the British mail ship Trent and arrested two Confederate envoys, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the UK and US.

    In 1864, President Abraham Lincoln won re-election as he defeated Democratic challenger George B. McClellan.

    In 1889, Montana became the 41st state.

    In 1895, while experimenting with electricity, physicist Wilhelm Rontgen discovered the X-ray.

    In 1900, author/journalist Margaret Mitchell, best-known for the novel Gone with the Wind, was born in Atlanta, GA.

    In 1923, Adolf Hitler launched his first attempt at seizing power in Germany with a failed coup in Munich that came to be known as the "Beer-Hall Putsch."

    In 1932, New York Democratic Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated incumbent Republican Herbert Hoover for the presidency.

    In 1935, the drama "Mutiny on the Bounty," starring Clark Gable and Charles Laughton, premiered in New York City.

    Also in 1935, the comedy "A Night at the Opera," starring the Marx Brothers, also premiered in New York.

    In 1941, Glenn Miller and his Orchestra recorded “String of Pearls” for RCA.

    In 1942, Operation Torch, resulting in an Allied victory, began during World War II as U.S. and British forces landed in French North Africa.

    In 1950, during the Korean War, the first jet-plane battle took place as U.S. Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shot down a North Korean MiG-15.

    Also in 1951, the drama “All the King’s Men”, starring Broderick Crawford, premiered in New York City.

    In 1960, Massachusetts Sen. John F. Kennedy defeated Vice President Richard M. Nixon for the presidency.

    In 1965, the soap opera "Days of Our Lives" premiered on NBC.

    In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law an antitrust exemption allowing the National Football League to merge with the upstart American Football League.

    In 1970, the Brit-com “The Goodies” premiered on BBC 2.

    In 1970, the Hammer Horror reboot “Horror of Frankenstein” and the Hammer Horror sequel “Scars of Dracula” both premiered in the UK.

    In 1972, the premium cable TV network HBO (Home Box Office) made its debut. The first movie shown was "Sometimes a Great Notion."

    In 1973, the Disney animated movie “Robin Hood” premiered at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.

    In 1974, a federal judge in Cleveland dismissed charges against eight Ohio National Guardsmen accused of violating the civil rights of students who were killed or wounded in the 1970 Kent State shootings.

    In 1979, the program, "The Iran Crisis: America Held Hostage", premiered on ABC-TV. The show was planned to be temporary, but it evolved into "Nightline" in March of 1980.

    In 1987, a Provisional IRA bomb exploded in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland during a ceremony honoring those who had died in wars involving British forces. Twelve people were killed and sixty-three wounded.

    In 1988, Vice President George H.W. Bush won the presidential election, defeating the Democratic nominee, Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis.

    In 1994, midterm elections resulted in Republicans winning a majority in the Senate while at the same time gaining control of the House for the first time in 40 years.

    Also in 1994, writer/actor Michael O’Donoghue, one of the original writers and cast members of “Saturday Night Live”, died in New York City at age 54.

    In 1999, the James Bond movie “The World is not Enough”, starring Pierce Brosnan as 007, premiered in the U.S.

    In 2002, The U.N. Security Council unanimously approved a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences".

    In 2005, the sci-fi/fantasy movie “Zathura: A Space Adventure” had its U.S. premiere in Providence, RI.

    In 2020, TV host Alex Trebek died in Los Angeles at age 80.
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  16. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON NOVEMBER 9th:

    In 1620, the passengers and crew of the Mayflower sighted Cape Cod.

    In 1861, the first documented Canadian football game was a practice game which took place at the University of Toronto.

    In 1862, Union General Ambrose Burnside assumed command of the Army of the Potomac, after George B. McClellan was removed.

    In 1872, fire destroyed nearly 800 buildings in Boston.

    In 1888, Mary Jane Kelly was murdered in London; she is widely believed to be the fifth and final victim of the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper.

    In 1913, the Great Lakes Storm of 1913, the most destructive natural disaster ever to hit the lakes, destroyed 19 ships and killed more than 250 people.

    In 1914, actress/inventor Hedy Lamarr was born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary.

    In 1918, it was announced that Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II would abdicate; he then fled to the Netherlands.

    In 1923, in Munich, Germany, police and government troops crushed the Nazi-led Beer Hall Putsch.

    In 1934, the Laurel & Hardy version of “Babes in Toyland” had its first preview showing in Los Angeles.

    In 1935, United Mine Workers president John L. Lewis and other labor leaders formed the Committee for Industrial Organization (later renamed the Congress of Industrial Organizations).

    In 1938, Nazis looted and burned synagogues as well as Jewish-owned stores and houses in Germany and Austria in a pogrom that became known as "Kristallnacht."

    In 1951, actor/bodybuilder/fitness trainer Lou Ferrigno was born in Brooklyn. The gamma ray thing would occur later.

    In 1953, Welsh author-poet Dylan Thomas died in New York at age 39.

    Also in 1953, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Toolson v. New York Yankees, upheld a 1922 ruling that major league baseball did not come within the scope of federal antitrust laws.

    In 1964, the comic strip “The Wizard of Id” by Brant Parker and Johnny Hart was first published.

    In 1964, actor/director/producer Robert Duncan MacNeil was born in Raleigh, NC. He’d later be assigned to U.S.S. Voyager.

    In 1965, the great Northeast blackout began as a series of power failures lasting up to 13 1/2 hours left 30 million people in seven states and part of Canada without electricity.

    In 1967, a Saturn V rocket carrying the unmanned Apollo 4 spacecraft blasted off from Cape Kennedy on a successful test flight.

    Also in 1967, the first issue of “Rolling Stone” magazine was published.

    In 1967, the Hammer sci-fi sequel “Quatermass and the Pit” was released in the UK. Based on the BBC-TV serial, it starred Andrew Keir as Quatermass.

    In 1972, the movie musical “1776”, based on the Tony-winning Broadway show, premiered in New York City.

    In 1976, the U.N. General Assembly approved resolutions condemning apartheid in South Africa, including one characterizing the white-ruled government as "illegitimate."

    In 1981, principal photography began for “Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan”.

    In 1989, communist East Germany threw open its borders, allowing citizens to travel freely to the West; joyous Germans danced atop the Berlin Wall.

    In 1999, with fireworks, concerts and a huge party at the landmark Brandenburg Gate, Germany celebrated the 10th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.

    In 2016, following a highly contentious campaign, Donald Trump was elected President of the U.S., defeating opponent Hillary Clinton.
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  17. Juliet316

    Juliet316 9X Wacky Wed/ 16X Hangman Winner star 10 VIP - Game Winner

    Apr 27, 2005
  18. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON NOVEMBER 10th:

    In 1766, the last colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signed the charter of Queen's College (later renamed Rutgers University).

    In 1775, the U.S. Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.

    In 1865, Major Henry Wirz, the superintendent of a Confederate prison camp in Andersonville, GA, was hanged, becoming one of only three Civil War soldiers executed for war crimes.

    In 1871, journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found Scottish missionary David Livingstone, who had not been heard from for years, near Lake Tanganyika in central Africa, famously greeting him with the words, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

    In 1889, actor Claude Rains was born in Camberwell, London, England. He’d later play one half of a beautiful friendship.

    In 1891, composer/arranger Carl Stalling, resident composer for the Warner Brothers cartoons for 22 years, was born in Lexington, MO.

    In 1910, the Gideons placed their first Bible ten years after Samuel Hill and John Nicholson began the organization.

    In 1919, the American Legion opened its first national convention in Minneapolis.

    In 1924, actor Russell Johnson was born in Ashley, PA. The three-hour tour would come later.

    In 1925, actor Richard Burton was born in Pontrhydyfen, Wales.

    In 1928, Knute Rockne made his famous "win one for the Gipper" pep talk during halftime of a tied game between Notre Dame and Army.

    In 1931, actor Don Henderson was born in Leytonstone, Essex, England. Best-known for playing detective George Bulman on British TV, he’d also express a fairly accurate opinion about the Death Star.

    In 1933, aviator/engineer/astronaut Ronald Evans, CM Pilot for Apollo 17, was born in St. Francis, KS.

    In 1938, Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's "God Bless America" on her CBS radio program.

    In 1951, customer-dialed long-distance telephone service began as Mayor M. Leslie Denning of Englewood, NJ, called Alameda, CA, Mayor Frank Osborne without operator assistance.

    In 1954, the U.S. Marine Corps Memorial, depicting the raising of the American flag on Iwo Jima in 1945, was dedicated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in Arlington, VA.

    In 1969, the children's educational program "Sesame Street" made its debut on National Educational Television (later PBS).

    Also in 1969, the sci-fi movie “Marooned” premiered in Washington, D.C.

    In 1975, the ore-hauling ship SS Edmund Fitzgerald mysteriously sank during a storm in Lake Superior with the loss of all 29 crew members.

    In 1982, the newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C., three days before its dedication.

    Also in 1982, Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev died at age 75 in Zarechye, near Moscow, Russia.

    In 1983, Bill Gates introduced the release of Windows 1.0.

    In 1989, Germans begin to tear down the Berlin Wall.

    In 1990, the comedy "Home Alone," starring Macaulay Culkin, premiered in Chicago.

    In 2006, The National Museum of the Marine Corps in Quantico, VA was opened and dedicated by President George W. Bush.

    In 2015, Joel Hodgson announced the start of a Kickstarter campaign to provide funding for a revival of “Mystery Science Theater 3000”, with an initial goal of $2,000,000. Over $800,000 was raised in the first day, and it would ultimately raise $5,764,229.
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  19. Juliet316

    Juliet316 9X Wacky Wed/ 16X Hangman Winner star 10 VIP - Game Winner

    Apr 27, 2005
  20. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON NOVEMBER 11th:

    In 1620, 41 Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower, anchored off Massachusetts, signed a compact calling for a "body politick."

    In 1778, British redcoats, Tory rangers and Seneca Indians in central New York killed more than 40 people in the Cherry Valley Massacre.

    In 1831, former slave Nat Turner, who'd led a violent insurrection, was executed in Jerusalem, VA.

    In 1839, The Virginia Military Institute was founded in Lexington, VA.

    In 1864, General William Tecumseh Sherman began burning Atlanta, GA to the ground in preparation for his march south.

    In 1869, The Victorian Aboriginal Protection Act was enacted in Australia, giving the government control of indigenous people's wages, their terms of employment, where they could live, and of their children, effectively leading to the Stolen Generations.

    In 1889, Washington became the 42nd state.

    In 1918, fighting in World War I came to an end with the signing of an armistice between the Allies and Germany.

    In 1921, the remains of an unidentified American service member were interred in a Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery in a ceremony presided over by President Warren G. Harding.

    In 1925, actor/comedian Jonathan Winters was born in Bellbrook, OH.

    In 1940, the movie “The Devil Bat”, starring Bela Lugosi, premiered in the U.S.

    In 1952, the first video recorder was demonstrated by John Mullin and Wayne Johnson in Beverly Hills, CA.

    In 1957, the song “Great Balls of Fire” by Jerry Lee Lewis was released by Sun Records.

    In 1965, Rhodesia proclaimed its independence from Britain.

    In 1966, Gemini 12 blasted off from Cape Kennedy with astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. aboard.

    In 1967, on “Doctor Who”, part one of “The Ice Warriors” was broadcast on BBC 1. It was the first appearance of the titular villains.

    In 1972, the U.S. Army turned over its base at Long Binh to the South Vietnamese, symbolizing the end of direct U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War.

    Also In 1972, bassist Berry Oakley of the Allman Brothers Band was killed in a motorcycle crash in Macon, Georgia. The accident occurred three blocks from the site of a crash that took the life of Duane Allman a year earlier.

    In 1977, Paramount announced that the planned “Star Trek: Phase II” TV series was being re-tooled into a film, “Star Trek: The Motion Picture”.

    In 1993, a sculpture honoring women who served in the Vietnam War was dedicated at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.

    In 1994, the Christmas comedy “The Santa Clause” was released in the U.S.

    In 2004, the Palestine Liberation Organization confirmed the death of Yasser Arafat in Clamart, Hauts-de-Seine, France at age 75 from unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas was elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.

    Also in 2004, the New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior was dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.

    In 2006, Queen Elizabeth II unveiled the New Zealand War Memorial in London, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.

    In 2007, filming began on the reboot “Star Trek”.

    In 2016, actor Robert Vaughn died in Ridgefield, CT at age 83.
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  21. Juliet316

    Juliet316 9X Wacky Wed/ 16X Hangman Winner star 10 VIP - Game Winner

    Apr 27, 2005
    Also on November 11th in 2021, Former South African President F.W. de Klerk and soap actor Jerry Douglas passed away.

  22. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I belatedly (because I was in New Haven, CT and unable to get on-line) may...

    ON NOVEMBER 12th:

    In 1439, Plymouth became the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.

    In 1555, The Second Statute of Repeal re-established Roman Catholicism in England under Queen Mary I.

    In 1815, pioneering American suffragette Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, NY.

    In 1787, severe flooding struck Dublin, Ireland, as the River Liffey rose.

    In 1927, Josef Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union as Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party.

    Also in 1927, actor John Hollis, known to “Star Wars” fans for playing Lobot in “The Empire Strikes Back”, was born in Fulham, London, England.

    In 1928, SS Vestris sank approximately 200 miles (320 km) off Hampton Roads, VA, killing at least 110 passengers, mostly women and children who died after the vessel was abandoned.

    In 1936, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened as President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressed a telegraph key in Washington, D.C., giving the green light to traffic.

    In 1937, aviator/astronaut Vice-Admiral Richard Truly, USN was born in Fayette, MS. He’d later serve as pilot during the second landing test of the Space Shuttle Enterprise, then as pilot for the STS-2 mission of the Space Shuttle Columbia, then as commander of STS-8 on the Space Shuttle Challenger.

    In 1942, the World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. (The Allies ended up winning a major victory over Japanese forces.)

    In 1946, the Disney movie “Song of the South” premiered in Atlanta, GA. Though it received Oscars for Best Original Song and an honorary award for African-American actor James Baskett, it has since been pulled from circulation in the U.S. due to perceived racial insensivity.

    In 1948, former Japanese premier Hideki Tojo and several other World War II Japanese leaders were sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.

    In 1968, NASA announced that the next Apollo mission, Apollo 8, would be sent into lunar orbit.

    In 1969, news of the My Lai Massacre in South Vietnam in March 1968 was broken by investigative reporter Seymour Hersh.

    In 1971, as part of Vietnamization, President Richard Nixon set February 1, 1972 as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.

    In 1976, the novelization Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker, was published by Ballantine Books. Originally credited to George Lucas, it would later be revealed that it was ghost-written by Alan Dean Foster, based on Lucas’ screenplay. (This publication date may be disputed.)

    In 1977, the city of New Orleans elected its first black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial, the winner of a runoff.

    In 1979, in response to the hostage situation in Tehran, President Jimmy Carter ordered a halt to all petroleum imports into the United States from Iran.

    In 1980, the NASA space probe Voyager 1 made its closest approach to Saturn and took the first images of its rings.

    In 1981, NASA launched Mission STS-2, utilizing the Space Shuttle Columbia, marking the first time a manned spacecraft had been launched into space twice.

    In 1982, Yuri Andropov became the General Secretary of the Communist Party’s Central Committee, succeeding Leonid I. Brezhnev.

    In 1983, the novel Lando Calrissian and the Starcave of ThonBoka by L. Neil Smith was published by Del Rey. It featured the resolution of the storyline of sidekick Vuffi Raa, and Lando’s final confrontation with villain Rokur Gepta.

    In 1984, space shuttle astronauts Dale Gardner and Joe Allen snared a wandering satellite in history's first space salvage; the Palapa B2 satellite was secured in Discovery's cargo bay for return to Earth.

    In 1985, Xavier Suarez was elected Miami's first Cuban-American mayor.

    In 1995, the Erdut Agreement regarding the peaceful resolution to the Croation War of Independence was reached.

    In 1996, a Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakh Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane collided in mid-air near New Delhi, killing 349 in the deadliest mid-air collision to date.

    In 1997, Ramzi Yousef was found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.

    In 2001, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 headed to the Dominican Republic, crashed after takeoff from New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 people on board and five people on the ground.

    In 2011, Silvio Berlusconi tendered his resignation as Prime Minister of Italy, effective November 16, due in large part to the European sovereign debt crisis.

    In 2014, The Philaw lander, deployed from the European Space Agency’s Rosetta probe, reached the surface of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

    In 2017, the severe Kermanshah earthquake shook the northern border of Iran and Iraq, causing 410 deaths and over 7,000 injuries.

    In 2018, writer/editor/producer/publisher Stan Lee died in Los Angeles at age 95. He was best-known for his work with Marvel Comics, co-creating most of its most popular characters, and moving towards more complex and challenging stories.
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  23. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I may...

    ON NOVEMBER 13th:

    In 1732, lawyer/politician John Dickinson was born in Talbot County, MD. One of the Founding Fathers of the U.S., he was a delegate to the Second Continental Congress, and later helped draft both the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution.

    In 1789, Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter to a friend, Jean-Baptiste Leroy: "In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes."

    In 1849, voters in California ratified the state's original constitution.

    In 1909, 259 men and boys were killed when fire erupted inside a coal mine in Cherry, IL.

    In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing access between lower Manhattan and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.

    In 1933, the Universal Horror movie “The Invisible Man”, starring Claude Rains and directed by James Whale, was released in the U.S.

    In 1937, the NBC Symphony Orchestra, formed exclusively for radio broadcasting, made its debut.

    In 1940, the Disney film "Fantasia," featuring animated segments set to classical music, had its world premiere in New York City at the Broadway Theater.

    In 1941, the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal was torpedoed by U-81 and sank the following day.

    In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.

    In 1953, actress Tracy Scoggins was born in Galveston, TX. She’d command B5 sometime later.

    In 1954, Great Britain defeated France to capture the first ever Rugby League World Cup in Paris in front of around 30,000 spectators.

    In 1956, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down Alabama laws calling for racial segregation on public city and state buses.

    In 1957, the disaster movie “Zero Hour!”, starring Dana Andrews, Linda Darnell and Sterling Hayden, was released in the U.S. It’s best-remembered today for being thoroughly spoofed by “Airplane!”

    In 1965, the “Doctor Who” episode “The Nightmare Begins” was broadcast on BBC 1. It was the first episode of the serial “The Dalek Masterplan”, the series’ longest story.

    In 1969, speaking in Des Moines, IA, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew accused network television news departments of bias and distortion, and urged viewers to lodge complaints.

    In 1971, the suspense TV-movie “Duel” was broadcast on ABC as their “Movie of the Week”. Based on a story by Richard Matheson, it starred Dennis Weaver and was directed by Steven Spielberg.

    In 1974, Karen Silkwood, a 28-year-old technician and union activist at the Kerr-McGee Cimarron plutonium plant near Crescent, OK, died in a car crash while on her way to meet a reporter.

    In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, designed by Maya Lin, was dedicated on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

    In 1985, some 23,000 residents of Armero, Colombia, died when a volcanic mudslide buried the city.

    In 1987, the sci-fi action movie “The Running Man”, starring Arnold Schwarzeneggar, was released in the U.S.

    Also in 1989, the Walt Disney animated feature "The Little Mermaid" premiered in New York City.

    In 1990, in Aramoana, New Zealand, a gunman shot 13 people dead in a massacre before being tracked down and killed by police the next day.

    In 1991, the Disney animated movie “Beauty and the Beast” premiered at the El Capitan Theater in Hollywood, CA.

    In 1995, seven people, including five Americans, were killed when a bomb exploded at a military training facility in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

    Also in 1995, the James Bond movie “Goldeneye”, introducing Pierce Brosnan as 007, premiered in New York City.

    In 2001, in the first such act since World War II, President George W. Bush signed an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.

    In 2003, part one of the animated “Doctor Who” story “Scream of the Shalka” was released by the BBC over the program’s website. It starred Richard E. Grant as a (currently) non-canonical Ninth Doctor.

    In 2014, The European Space Agency published the first images taken from the surface of a comet by its Rosetta spacecraft.

    In 2015, a set of coordinated terror attacks occurred in Paris, France, including multiple shootings, explosions, and a hostage crisis in the 10th & 11th arrondissements of Paris, resulting in at least 150 deaths.

    In 2020, athlete Paul Hornung died in Louisville, KY at age 84. An NFL Hall of Fame running back, he was best-known for winning the Heisman Trophy in 1956 while playing for Notre Dame, and his tenure with the Green Bay Packers from 1957-1966, including four NFL Championships.

    And there's this:
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  24. Juliet316

    Juliet316 9X Wacky Wed/ 16X Hangman Winner star 10 VIP - Game Winner

    Apr 27, 2005
  25. Kenneth Morgan

    Kenneth Morgan Chosen One star 5

    May 27, 1999
    If I (not quite on time) may...

    ON NOVEMBER 14th:

    In 1851, Herman Melville's novel Moby-Dick; Or, The Whale was first published in the United States by Harper & Brothers, nearly a month after its British publication.

    In 1889, inspired by the Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days, New York World reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) set out to make the trip in less time than the fictional Phileas Fogg. (She completed the journey in 72 days.)

    In 1910, Eugene B. Ely became the first aviator to take off from a ship as his Curtiss pusher rolled off a sloping platform on the deck of the scout cruiser USS Birmingham off Hampton Roads, VA.

    In 1915, African-American educator Booker T. Washington died in Tuskegee, AL at age 59.

    In 1916, producer/screenwriter Sherwood Schwartz was born in Passaic, NJ. During his TV career, he’d introduce audiences to the Brady family, and the passengers and crew of the S.S. Minnow.

    In 1922, the British Broadcasting Company began radio service in the United Kingdom.

    In 1933, engineer/pilot/astronaut Fred Haise was born in Biloxi, MS. He’d later serve as LM Pilot for Apollo 13, and as a test pilot for the Space Shuttle Enterprise.

    In 1940, during World War II, German planes destroyed most of the English town of Coventry.

    In 1943, 25-year-old Leonard Bernstein made his public debut as conductor of the New York Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra. Bernstein filled in at the last minute for Bruno Walter, who became sick prior to a nationally broadcast concert.

    In 1944, Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded "Opus No. 1" for RCA Victor.

    In 1945, film editor Paul Hirsch was born in New York City. He’d later win an Oscar for his work on “Star Wars: Episode IV- A New Hope”.

    In 1954, the president of Egypt, Muhammad Naguib, was deposed by the Revolutionary Command Council, leaving Gamal Abdel Nasser fully in charge as acting head of state.

    In 1957, The Apalachin Meeting, a historic summit of American mobsters outside Binghamton, NY, was raided by law enforcement, and many high level Mafia figures are arrested.

    In 1959, actor Paul McGann was born in Kensington, Liverpool, England. His Doctorate would come later.

    In 1964, the children’s Christmas movie “Santa Claus Conquers the Martians” was released in the U.S. It would go on to be the only movie riffed on by “Mystery Science Theater 3000”, Cinematic Titanic, and Rifftrax.

    In 1965, the U.S. Army's first major military operation of the Vietnam War began with the start of the five-day Battle of Ia Drang. (The fighting between American troops and North Vietnamese forces ended on Nov. 18 with both sides claiming victory.)

    In 1969, NASA launched Apollo 12, its second lunar landing mission. The crew included Mission Commander Charles “Pete” Conrad, Jr.; CSM Pilot Richard F. Gordon, Jr.; and LM Pilot Alan L. Bean.

    In 1970, a chartered Southern Airways DC-9 crashed while trying to land in West Virginia, killing all 75 people on board, including the Marshall University football team and its coaching staff.

    In 1971, the unmanned NASA probe Mariner 9 entered orbit around Mars.

    In 1976, the satirical dramatic film “Network” premiered in Los Angeles and New York.

    In 1979, President Jimmy Carter issued Executive Order 12170, freezing all Iranian assets in the United States in response to the Iranian Hostage Crisis.

    In 1986, the Securities and Exchange Commission imposed a $100 million penalty against inside-trader Ivan F. Boesky and barred him from working again in the securities industry.

    In 1990, it was revealed that pop duo Milli Vanilli (Rob Pilatus and Fabrice Morvan) had done none of the singing on their Grammy-winning debut album "Girl You Know It's True."

    In 2006, the James Bond movie “Casino Royale”, introducing Daniel Craig as 007, premiered in London.

    In 2008, the first G-20 economic summit opened in Washington, D.C.

    In 2013, “Night of the Doctor” a mini-episode of “Doctor Who”, was released on-line by the BBC. Serving as a prequel to the series 50th anniversary episode, it featured Paul McGann as the Eighth Doctor. Whovians have since made frequent requests for the series’ producers to make more episodes featuring McGann’s Doctor.

    In 2014, writer/producer Glen A. Larson died in Santa Monica, CA at age 77. He created or worked on numerous series, including “Alias Smith and Jones”, “Battlestar Galactica”, “Knight Rider” and “Buck Rogers in the 25th Century”.

    In 2017, a gunman killed four people and injured twelve others during a shooting spree across Rancho Tehama Reserve, CA. He had earlier murdered his wife in their home, and was later shot and killed by the police.
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